This article explains about the electronic filing of income tax return, also known as e-filing of ITR. It explains in Question and Answer form and pictures, What is e-filing? Who is e-Return Intermediary? Advantages of e-Filing? How to efile on income tax department website i,e incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in? How is it different from filing through tax filing sites like taxshax, taxspanner etc? What is digital signature? What is XML? What is ITR-V? Statistics of efiling.
What is a income tax return ?
It is a prescribed form through which the particulars of income earned by a person through various sources(like salary, business, professional fees, interest, capital gains, etc.) in a financial year and taxes paid on such income is communicated to the Income tax department after the end of the Financial year, called as income tax return or ITR. It is like your report card in school but instead of marks you have income and taxes. It is the constitutional obligation of every person earning income to compute his income and pay taxes correctly. Different forms are prescribed for filing of returns for different Status and Nature of income . Forms for Financial Year 2012-13 or Assessment Year are now available and can be downloaded from the incometaxindia.gov.in webpage download-forms.
Some terms associated with filing of income tax return.
Financial Year (FY) (or fiscal year) is a period used for calculating annual or yearly financial statements in businesses and other organizations such as government.In India, the financial year runs from 1 April to 31 March Example 1 April 2013 to 31 March 2014 for the current financial year (2013–14)
Previous year(PY) means the financial year in which the individual has actually earned the income( Currently 2012-13)
Assessment year (AY) is the year when that income is assessed (currently 2013-2014). Income is assessed in the next financial year.
Due Date : The lastdates for filing income tax return for an Assessment Year is called due date. For individuals it is usually 31st July of the Assessment Year.
- Individuals 31st July
- Companies & their Directors 3oth September ,
- Other business entities, other than companies, if their accounts are auditable & their working partners 3oth September
For FY 2012-13 (AY 2013-14) last date for filing return For individuals is 31st July 2013 You need not wait till end of July Once you get Form 16 (usually around min May) you can file the return.
What is efiling of income tax return?
The process of electronically filing Income tax returns through the internet is known as e-filing. One can file directly(incometax website) or through an e-Return Intermediary such as Taxsmile,Taxspanner. While the I-T department lets you file your returns online for free, most other portals charge a fee. Read More…