Understanding Ex Showroom Price and On Road Price of Vehicle

When you go to buy a car or a two-wheeler  at the showroom two prices would be quoted ex-showroom and on-road. The price you actually pay for the car is the on-road price, so you better look at that when making your decision. The on-road price exceeds the ex-showroom by around 10%, depending on the car model and the state in which you are buying it.

Prices associated with a car or motorbike

that the car prices in India vary from one state to another. The basic factors that contribute to car prices in any state are ex-showroom price, ex-factory rate, and ex-road rate.

Ex Factory Price of Car : is the price Car Dealer pays to Manufacturer to lift the car from them i.e it is the price at which a car manufacturer sells the car.  Ex-Factory Price Terminology is  not so common as  it is between the Manufacturer, Dealer

Ex Showroom Price of Car : Ex-showroom Price of Car is the is the price at which a car dealer sells a car to Retail Customers which includes Dealer Margins, Transportation costs and applicable Excise, State Taxes and Octroi Charges. Ex-showroom Price is called the basic price of the asset exclusive of any registration, insurance or loadings.

On Road Price : On Road Price is the final Price payable by the customer to the car dealer and is also known as Invoice Value of the car it includes State Registration Charges,  Life Time Road Tax Payment, Mandatory Insurance and the dealer handling charges (aka Logistics Charges). Also includes optional costs such as Accessories cost, additional optional warranty coverage. The discounts if any will also be shown and reduced while calculating the Net On Road Price.  Ex-road price refers to the price at which the buyer drives away the car.

What is ex-showroom price?

Ex-showroom price is the cost that the dealer charges for procuring the car from the manufacturer and the tax that it pays to the state government on procurement. The state government charges excise duty on cars. It is also known as the supply price of a car. In some states and cities, ex-showroom price may also include octroi tax. This is the tax collected by the local authority for bringing articles from outside the region for consumption in that region. Ex showroom prices differ from state to state. For instance, ex-showroom prices are higher in Mumbai or Bangalore than in Delhi.

What is on-road price?
On top of the ex-showroom price, one needs to pay a lifetime road tax, a registration charge, insurance charge that is renewed periodically and logistics charges. In short, on-road price is at which the dealer would hand over the keys of the vehicle to you. Typically the prices that are added are
  • Registration charges :  Registration is mandatory of every new vehicle. It is a unique identity of vehicle 
  • Life Time Road Tax :    Road tax, known by various names around the world, is a tax which has to be paid on a vehicle before using it on a public road.
  • Vehicle Insurance :also known as auto insurance, is insurance purchased for cars, trucks, motorcycles, and other road vehicles.
  • Dealer Handling Charges or Logistics charges: Dealer claims handling charges in name of taking car from warehouse to showroom

Difference between Onroad price and ex-showroom price for Hyundai as on Jun 2013 is shown below. Click on image to enlarge.

Hyundai From Ex show room price to road price

Hyundai From Ex show room price to road price

Similarly for Maruti as on Jun 2013 is shown below. Click on image to enlarge.
Maruti Suzuki Ex showroom to On road price

Maruti Suzuki Ex showroom to On road price

What are Registration charges?
Registration is mandatory of every new vehicle. It is a unique identity of vehicle. Registration charges are cost to get the vehicle registered.
  • All motorised road vehicles are tagged with a registration or licence number in India. The licence plate (commonly known as number plates) number is issued by the district-level Regional Transport Office (RTO) of respective states
  • Plates for private car and two-wheeler owners have black lettering on a white background (e.g., TN 54 BB 0525). Commercial vehicles such as taxis and trucks have a yellow background and black text (e.g., KA 10 MA 8008). The current format of the registration index consists of 3 parts, They are
    • The first two letters indicate the state to which the vehicle is registered.
    • The next two digit numbers are the sequential number of a district. Due to heavy volume of vehicle registration, the numbers were given to the RTO offices of registration as well.
    • The third part is a 4 digit number unique to each plate. A letter(s) is prefixed when the 4 digit number runs out and then two letters and so on.
  • Registration charges differ from state to state. Within a state it differs based on cost of car, type of car (petrol or diesel)
  • Registration charges for various cars in different states can be found at ipaidabribe Vehicle Registration charges
Place Cost of Car Registration charges
Delhi  Upto Rs. 6 Lac Petrol Cars – 4%, Diesel Cars – 5%
Price between 6 Lac – 10 Lac Petrol Cars – 7%, Diesel Cars – 8.75%
Price > Rs. 10 Lac as Exshowroom Cost – Petrol Cars – 10%, Diesel Cars – 12.5%
+ MCD Parking Charges  Rs. 2000 for cars priced under 4 LakhRs. 4000 for rest of the vehicle
Karnataka (Bangalore, Mysore, Udupi) Karnataka has highest vehicle registration charges withminimum slab starts @ 15%
Price < 5 Lakh – · 15%
Price between 5 – 10 Lakh 16%
Price between 10 – 20 Lakh 19%
Price > 20 Lakh 20%
What is Life Time Road Tax
Road tax, known by various names around the world, is a tax which has to be paid on a vehicle before using it on a public road. Government charges road tax for road improvements and repairs.
  • The road tax imposed is subject to state government rules, traffic regulation etc. So it differs from state to state in India.Road tax  in Delhi is lesser than in Bangalore and therefore the car you buy from Delhi is priced lower than that you buy in Bangalore.Even within the state it is based on type of vehicle, cost of vehicle etc. In any state Road Tax for Maruti Swift is different from Hyudai i10, road tax for Hyudai i10 is different from Hyundai Verna and road tax for Hyundai i10 with 1.1 metallic color is  different from Hyundai i10 non metallic color.
  • Road tax for vehicles that cost less than Rs 4 lakh (two-wheelers and small cars) is around 4%-6% whereas it is between 7% and 9% in case of vehicles valued over Rs 20 lakh, Centre is likely to decide uniform lifetime road tax for cars, taxis and two-wheelers. The state governments have agreed to fix the tax at floor rate of 6% of the sale price before the value added tax (VAT).
  • It is usually paid once in life time of the vehicle in a state hence it is called as Life Time Road Tax. But If one shifts or relocates vehicle from one state to another state in one has  to re-register vehicle and pay lifetime tax again, based upon the depreciated value as assessed by RTO of the new state.  The value of vehicle diminishes year after year. Once the residual value of lifetime tax is paid, it is possible  of life-time tax paid in the earlier state on pro-rata basis, by writing to the earlier State’s RTO for the same. However, this is a manual process and therefore, it takes a lot of time before you actually get the refund
What is Vehicle Insurance?
Vehicle Insurance :also known as auto insurance, is insurance purchased for cars, trucks, motorcycles, and other road vehicles. Its primary use is to provide financial protection against physical damage and/or bodily injury resulting from traffic collisions and against liability that could also arise there from. A Car Insurance plan is  mandatory by law is compulsory for all foul wheelers. Different insurance companies provide different rates and types of insurance in different states.
What are Dealer Handling Charges?

Dealer Handling Charges or Logistics charges: Dealer claims handling charges in name of taking car from warehouse to showroom , basic fuel,the number plate charge, cleaning of car, sundry expenses as delivery charges. The amount is quiet high and ranges from Rs. 6000 for a hatchback car to upto Rs. 25,000 for Luxury Segment Cars. The Amount is much dubious considering the high price paid for. However, the charges are not claimed by dealers in India, but across most of the countries in the world as Handling Fees, Documentary Fees or even Vehicle Preparation Fees

Which price do banks consider?
When you buy a car through bank finance, these charges become important.  Usually private banks give loans up to 85% of the ex-showroom price, whereas government-owned banks offer up to 85% on the on-road price. However, these limits vary from bank to bank and also depend upon the creditworthiness of a customer. But it makes a difference to person buying the car. Suppose you want to buy a car which has an ex -showroom price of Rs. 5,00,000. To insure this vehicle you have to pay Rs. 18,000, and for the road tax you have to pay Rs. 4,000. Thus the total cost of ownership of this vehicle is Ex-showroom price plus insurance plus road tax, that is Rs. 5,22,000. So, if you get a loan from bank which gives you car loan on Ex-showroom prices you will have to pay the Insurance and Road tax from your pocket. If you get an On Road Price car loan you won’t have to pay this amount, instead it will be clubbed in your car loan.
Related Articles:

When you are searching for car online, you would find mostly ex-showroom price. Make sure you also check car ex-showroom prices in your state because car prices in India differ from one state to another. And find out the on-road price of the car. Some car based websites provide this information once you give your email,mobile number details. Do you think charges like Dealer Handling charges does not make sense.

47 Responses to Understanding Ex Showroom Price and On Road Price of Vehicle

  1. Yes, the Ex-Showroom must be somewhat same in the city for different dealers. But the On Road Price differs a lot for every dealer in the same city.

  2. veenasaa says:

    Very nice article and easy to understand.We are an online lead aggregator for all the major banks and NBFCs. Logon to our portal http://www.letzbank.com to avail any loan at easy way and you can compare different banks interest rate and apply for that particular bank which suits you.

  3. Raju says:

    thank you but on road price is different each show room another in same city.

    i have checked few.

  4. Quipox says:

    how to know the exact ex-showroom price in a city?For an Example : ‘maruti suzuki dzire tour LDi’ model. In all websites there is some prices abour ‘maruti suzuki swift dzire’ model but not for the required model.When I asked a dealer they gave me the price of ‘maruti suzuki Dzire tour basic model’ but not the LDi version.I came to know after comparing the features of those model.
    in official website there is no information about the prices for this model.
    ‘Maruti Suzuki Dzire tour’ & ‘maruti Suzuki swift dzire’ are different model.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Did you try carwale.com at http://www.carwale.com/new/prices.aspx
      It allows one to change version also.
      For example for Maruti Suzuki Swift Dzire LXI version at (South Delhi)
      Ex-Showroom Price 5,16,073
      RTO 21,256
      Insurance 18,705
      Registration Charges 4,000
      On-Road Price 5,60,034

      For ZXI Version
      Ex-Showroom Price 7,90,743
      RTO 69,803
      Insurance 27,602
      Registration Charges 4,000
      On-Road Price (South Delhi) 8,92,148

  5. Guest says:

    The Central Motor Vehicle Rules insist the dealerregister and deliver the vehicle. The ex-show room price covers the vehicle cost, insurance, road tax, cess, and registration fee. The manufacturer also takes care of the initial fuel cost and pre-delivery inspection.


  6. Guest says:

    The Central Motor Vehicle Rules insist the dealerregister and deliver the vehicle. The ex-show room price covers the vehicle cost, insurance, road tax, cess, and registration fee. The manufacturer also takes care of the initial fuel cost and pre-delivery inspection.

  7. vipin says:

    how a cars or bikes handiling charges calculated..is there a rule for that..a certain % ..
    kindly reply me …

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Dealer Handling Charges : Dealer claims handling charges in name of taking car from stockyard to showroom cost, basic fuel, stock maintenance, cleaning of car and as delivery charges.
      The amount is quiet high and ranges from Rs. 6000 for a hatchback car to upto Rs. 35,000 for Luxury Segment Cars. The Amount is much dubious considering the high price paid for as Ex-showroom Price in itself means Price Paid for bring Car to Showroom. Still Dealers claim this amount over and above the exshowroom Price.
      However, its something which is not unique to Indian Automotive market, but happens across most of the countries in the world – where dealer claims the amount as Handling Fees, Documentary Fees or even Vehicle Preparation Fees.
      Handling charges varies from dealer to dealer
      Govt had told dealers to Waive handling charge but nothing happened

  8. Sundar says:

    Can someone explain why Insurance for a new vehicle is done on the ex-showroom price and not the on-road price? Would be great if you can share any resource viz. IRDA or GIC or court judgments to justify…thanks

  9. Pranai Pradhan says:

    Thank you sir for the elaborate article, actually i am from Bhutan so i am unsure of what price should i be paying for a vehicle(gixxer blue color) if i am buying it from Siliguri, West Bengal i.e ex-showroom or on road price considering Bhutan is another country and i will get it registered in Bhutan

    • bemoneyaware says:

      If you are a Bhutan citizen, you may not be able to purchase a car in India. You would need a Indian citizenship to purchase car.

  10. Akshay Kher says:


    Thanks, a really well written article. Makes all the concepts easy to understand.

    Cheers !

  11. Akshay Kher says:


    Thanks, a really well written article. Makes all the concenpts easy to understand.

    Cheers !

  12. Birosh says:

    As a prospective buyer, i have been checking various websites for more information on the taxes and the approximate amount i had to pay for a car. Do one need to give the RTO at the time of buying? I have seen a big difference in RTO of different cities. Dimapur have RTO of 8k on Renault Duster whereas for Jaipur its 1.2 lacs.
    I intend to buy the duster at Dimapur and register it for Manipur. Please help.

  13. Rishabh says:

    Superb,Very Useful for Irrational Custtomers

  14. sarat negi says:

    what are the comman % for LBT and ROAD TAX. in up and uttrakhand, suggest me plz.

  15. Jessica says:

    Which is the best site online to show up the on road prices for new cars without an enquiry. I think https://mynewcar.in is good. Have any suggestion?

  16. Muniraja Rathinavel says:

    I find this article devised in a way easily understandable and throws all that needed to consider while purchasing a new vehicle. In 2012 I purchased my Chevrolet beat diesel optional model and I paid what they asked as I was a novice to the area. In future purchases this knowledge definitely could lend me a hand in avoiding exploited bills. Thank you!

  17. Rishi says:

    I m in Bangalore, HYUNDAI dealer gave free insurance quoting worth 25k for i20 car. But premium paid to insurance company was only 13,583. Also they mentioned 25k in debit note. On asking about differential amount they are saying that they charge for service they wud provide for claims. This looks unfair to me.
    Also is it not a malpractice to reduce insurance amount(25k) from ex showroom price and then putting in debit note? In fact they are bringing down the value of the car.
    Can you please suggest


    • Kirti says:

      This is unfair. Yes many has noticed this. But in excitement of buying the car people do not bother about the things.
      if you plan to buy a car, you don’t have to necessarily pick up motor insurance from the dealer. You could approach insurance companies directly and negotiate a lower premium and secure up to 50% discount on what your dealer offers. According to Delhi-based consumer expert Bejon Misra and former General Insurance Council secretary general K N Bhandari, dealers are known to mark up premium.

      While insurance companies TOI spoke to deny knowledge of such a practice, Bhandari says, “Higher the premium, higher the commission. There is a need for consumers to assert themselves even to the regulator to enforce greater surveillance and more stringent implementation of insurance guidelines.’’

      Checkout the team bhp

  18. Karthik Iyer says:


    Thanks for the detailed yet simple to understand article on cost associated with a vehilcle purchase.

    Am planning to buy Hyundai i10Grand Sportz 1.2 Kappa VTVT in Thane. While i understand that it makes sense to have few dealers details on car costings and take a call on the cheaper buy, what/how are the other aspects that we can negotiate with dealer on for cost reduction (eg; flat discount, adding accessories for free, etc)

    Also can you provide the tax % break-up on costings for this car in Thane?

    Thanks & Regards,
    Karthik Iyer

  19. Shekhar says:

    I say in Dombivli, planning to buy 4 wheeler. I heard that LBT will be scraped from 1-August-2015. Does it means from now on no need to pay LBT on vehicle purchase? If not, from when it will be done.

    • Kirti says:

      Local Body Tax, popularly known by its abbreviation as LBT, is the tax imposed by the local civic bodies of India on the entry of goods into a local area for consumption, use or sale therein
      The LBT is now partially abolished as of August 1, 2015.
      You can check for more details

  20. Iklakshya says:

    very easy to understand that what is exshowroom n on rood prices n what charges are included in it …………thanks to who wrote this blog ,,,

  21. Pavan Kumar says:

    Thank you for sharing such a valuable information.

  22. Mahendra says:

    I am purchasing a honda bike. Showroom has quoted 70k as ex-showroom price and 80k as on road price.
    I am confused about two components in bill:
    Others – 450/-
    Less Purchase value (If exchange) – 1000/-

    Please provide me some info about above two charges. Are they valid or salesperson is misguiding me?

    • Sridhar says:

      Mostly others includes the mandatory accessories such as Saree Guard, Side Mirrors and Initial Fuel. It varies between Dealer to dealer. After receiving the bill, check each and every bill component and get clarified. We noticed some dealers puting non mandatory accessories also in others such as handle grip, which you may not willing to buy.

  23. Allwyn Castelino says:

    Dear Sir,

    I stay in Thane and I’m trying to purchase a Bike, Ex-showroom cost is 90,000/- and the on-road is 1,20,000/- (can’t understand their calculation)
    can I negotiate with the dealer to sell the bike adding up only Registration and Road Tax (7%). I shall arrange to pay the LBT(it is being considered to be cancelled ?) and do a Pvt Insurance (Insurance charged by the dealer is comparatively high)
    Please suggest.

    • Kirti says:

      Maharashtra is likely to scrap the Local Body Tax (LBT). This levy is likely to be replaced with a surcharge on value-added tax (VAT) from the new financial year.
      Don’t be afraid to visit two or more dealers selling the same product.
      Question the total amount, including destination charges and assembly charges. Ask to have those waived or reduced.
      With very few exceptions, it’s usually best to avoid optional aftermarket warranty coverage for a new motorcycle. Dealers make a considerable profit on those policies. If you want one, you can often buy them yourself after the sale from various competing companies on line.

  24. Anas says:

    Thank you very much for sharing valuable information! :)

  25. angan chandra says:

    while buying a car, specially look at other component of cost sheet, specially registration, octoroi, LBT & other form of tax. % age is fixed Statewise, region wise but the dealers are charging you over & above the fixed rate.
    I have esquire it, lets say in Thane, Mumbai, the registration charges is 9% of ex-showroom & LBT is 5% of ex-showroom. But in the cost sheet, the charges mentioned was more than 9% & 5%. When i asked, why it is so?? The executive told, it is dealer’s margin!!! The dealers put a margin is tax also, actually it must only go to government account only. In the cost sheet, every component, dealers have a margin, whether it is ex-showroom, registration charges,LBT or any insurance premium. I have inquire almost all brands, Hyundai, Maruti,Chevrolet,Honda,Nissan or Renaults, everywhere it is there.
    so friends, while buying car, look at those pts, & negotiate with the dealers for their wrong practices!!!!

    • Kirti says:

      Rightly said Angan we don’t have information on rates which dealers take advantage of.
      One must visit different dealers of the model you are interested in to see where does one get cheaper.

  26. Nagaraju Rachakonda says:

    This is the information that was looking for.. a very good explanation with simple words and in short.

  27. Jim says:

    It was very detailed and well explained post

  28. Paresh says:

    It was a good read.I guess it was the first article that I have read on this topic.Thank you for sharing.

  29. Harsha says:

    Very Very Useful Post..Thanks for sharing this.. :)

  30. What a comprehensive explanation about Ex showroom price and On road Price .. appreciate the effort put in !

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