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Taxes are an integral part of our life. Tax is used by the government to provide certain basic provisions to citizens. Individuals who earn i.e have income more than a certain amount are expected to pay taxes, as per the existing Income tax slabs. The Government also provides certain provisions wherein one can save tax. Tax deductions can help one reduce the taxable income, lowering their overall tax liability and thereby helping them save on taxes. This article covers all about Income Tax Savings, Steps to Save Tax, Understanding Tax Deductions, Tax Saving options like PPF, NPS, ELSS, Tax Saving FD with the link to our articles.

All About Income Tax Savings

Steps for Income Tax Savings

Saving Tax consists of steps given below.

  • Knowing your income and its tax under various categories. The word Income has a very broad and inclusive meaning. For a salaried employee, all that is received from the employer in cash, kind or as a facility is considered as income. For a businessman, net profits will constitute income. Income may also flow from investments in the form of Interest, Dividend, Commission, etc. Under the Income Tax Act, 1961, all Income earned by persons are classified into 5 different heads, such as:
    • Income from Salary
    • Income from House Property
    • Income from Business or Profession
    • Income from Capital Gains
    • Income from other sources
  • Knowing how much you have saved
    • For Salaried employee through EPF, Allowances like HRA, Medical Allowances, LTA.
    • On Loans you have taken like Education Loan, Home loan.
  • Knowing How much more to save. It means understanding the Income Tax  Limits, tax percentage. Income Tax for AY 2018-19 or FY 2017-18
  • What Tax Deductions are available?
    • Deduction refers to the amount that you can reduce from your taxable income.
    • It means understanding alphanumeric combinations like Section 80C and 80DD. Our article Tax saving options : 80C,80CCC,80CCD,80D,80U,80E,24 discusses these Tax Deductions in Detail.
    • In Budget Speech of 2015 Finance Minister Arun Jaitely had said that an Individual Taxpayers enjoys tax deductions of up to Rs.4.44 lakh a year. But if If we add all the tax deductions available under section 80C to 80U plus other allowances and tax-free reimbursements, the tax deductions sum up to Rs.10.22 lakhs.
    • Maximum Tax Benefit one can get is ₹63,345 on investment of ₹ 2,05,000 at the highest tax slab rate of 30.90% under Income Tax Act, 1961, assuming that the total income is below ₹1 crore and is not subject to the applicable surcharge.
  • Understanding the Tax saving options like PPF, Insurance, Health Insurance, Donations Articles like Choosing Tax Saving options : 80C and Others
    • Understanding the returns
    • Understanding the time period
    • Understanding frequency of investment option
    • Understanding any tax implications of stopping or on maturity.
  • Understanding your risk profile.
  • Choosing the option that suits you.
  • Understanding TDS deducted
    • Check TDS in Form 26AS
    • Fill Form 15G/15H
  • Submitting the proofs to the employer
  • Keeping the document proofs safely
  • Claiming tax deductions while filing income tax return (explained in detail in e Filling ITR-1)

An Example of Saving Tax is as follows:

  • Let us assume that your taxable income is Rs. 5.5 lakhs that means that your total tax liability is Rs. 35,000.
  • If you submit medical bills worth Rs. 12,000 as a part of your medical allowance. Your taxable income becomes Rs. 5.38 lakhs and Tax liability Rs. 32,600.
  • If you claim House rent allowance deductions of Rs. 83,000 then taxable income comes down to down to Rs. 4. 55 lakhs which means that the new tax you have to pay is just Rs. 18,500
  • Now if you invest Rs. 30,000 in tax saving option (PPF, Life Insurance ) etc your taxable income comes down to Rs. 4.25 lakhs (4,50,000 – 30,000). This means that now the tax you have to pay is Rs. 15,500 which is less than half of 35,500.

Following image shows the Income Tax Flow.

Income Tax Savings

Income Tax Savings

Income Tax

Assessment Year is a twelve months period starting from April 1 of the previous year to March 31 immediately following the previous year. In the Assessment Year, the return is filed for the income earned in the previous year, for e.g. for Financial Year 2016-17, the Assessment Year is 2016-17.

Salaried Employee and Income Tax Savings

Your Take-home salary will include

  • Gross Salary received each month
  • minus allowable exemptions such as HRA, LTA, conveyance allowance etc.
  • minus income taxes payable (calculated after considering Section 80 deductions)

Articles to help a Salaried Employee understand parts releated to Tax Savings.

Typically 12% of the Basic, DA, and cash value of food allowances has to be contributed to the EPF account of employee.  Employee’s contribution is matched by Employer’s contribution(till 12%). The employer contribution is exempt from tax and employee’s contribution is taxable but eligible for deduction under section 80C of Income-tax Act. The EPF amount earns interest as declared by Government.

Income Tax Proof Submission to the Employer

During December or January, employers start asking employees to submit documentary proofs of investments and expenses that qualify for tax deduction and exemption under various sections of Income tax Act, 1961. This is in respect of the investment declaration made by the employee at the beginning of the financial year, to the employer.  Income Tax Proof Submission to the Employer discusses it in detail.

Income Tax Deductions

  • Deduction refers to the amount that you can deduct from your taxable income.
  • It means understanding alphanumeric combinations like Section 80C and 80DD. Our article Tax saving options : 80C,80CCC,80CCD,80D,80U,80E,24 discusses these Tax Deductions in detail.
  • The table below gives an overview of the various Tax Saving Deduction Sections such as 80C, 80D.
Tax Saving sections 80C 80D 80TTA

Tax Saving sections 80C 80D 80TTA

Tax Saving Options


Equity Linked Saving Scheme or ELSS Mutual funds offer a choice to investors of providing equity exposure along with tax deduction benefit under Section 80C but come with a three year lock-in. These funds are an alternative to other tax saving instruments like NSC, PPF and fixed deposits.

Understanding ELSS Funds or Equity Linked Saving Schemes


The New Pension System has generated a lot of interest ever since Budget 2015 announced additional tax benefits for investments in the scheme.  For someone in the 30 per cent tax bracket, this is a clear benefit of Rs 15,000 on investment of Rs 50,000 over and above the Rs 1.5 lakh allowed under Section 80 C.

Public Provident Fund PPF

Tax Saving Fixed Deposits

Life Insurance and Tax Savings

Premiums paid towards these insurance plans buys you protection . What’s more – you can also get tax benefits on the maturity amount/returns from insurance plans. For employees Jan-Feb is season of submitting income tax proof.  Many people buy insurance policy, in a hurry, to save tax and submit the proof to employer. Buying an insurance policy is a long time commitment, similar to marriage. So It is advisable to understand all aspects of claiming tax benefit in buying insurance policy

Choosing Tax Saving Options

TDS Deducted

It requires that the person, upon whom responsibility has been cast, is to deduct tax at the appropriate rates, from payments of specific nature which are being made by him to a specified recipient. The deducted sum is required to be deposited to the credit of the Central Government. The recipient from whose income tax has been deducted at source, gets the credit of the amount deducted in his personal assessment on the basis of the certificate issued by the deductor.

Tax-planning exercise should not be a random, out of blue kind of activity. Last minute tax planning should be avoided as much as possible (how many of us have regretted the life insurance policy we tool just to submit the tax proof).


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