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List of articles for an Employee:Earning, EPF, UAN,Study

Congratulations on your job. You have achieved one important milestone of your life. While in school, college every information was made available to you. In Job, your employer will make sure that you are trained to start contributing but you will be given a bunch of forms to sign without anyone explaining to you what you need. For example, your employer will ask you do declare tax saving and will ask you to submit proof towards Feb.

What should you know as an employee?

Companies on campus talk about what is called as cost to company (CTC), that is, the money they will spend on you.   An employee  needs to understand many things which are captured  in the image below

  • What is CTC, Net Salary, Gross Salary?
  • What are the various allowances, like HRA, Transport Allowance, Medical Reimbursement
  • What are the contributions towards long-term and retirement benefits such as Provident fund, superannuation fund, and, Gratuity?
  • Variable payouts such as performance bonus, variable pay, and gratuity.
  • Stock Options: ESOPs, or, Employee Stock Options are the other incentives offered. Here, the company provides you with an option to purchase some company’s stock at a fixed price (also called exercise price) on a future date.
  • And then there is Form 16 and you have to pay Tax, even though your company has deducted TDS?

As a new employee do you understand this? Explore the section to learn about Salary, Employee Provident Fund and tax related to Salary.

What an employee should know on joining a job

What an employee should know on joining a job

About Income or Salary

Did you know? The word salary originates from the Latin word salarium. It was the quota of salt given to Roman soldiers in addition to their pay. When the officers found it cumbersome to transport and preserve the huge bulk of salt, they began offering a sum of money instead of the commodity. The money received was referred to as ‘salarium’ or salt-money which soon came to be known as ‘salary’ in modern English. Al

What are the components of Salary, How is take home salary calculated? What are different kinds of allowances, what is Dearness allowance, What is the salary of a Government employee, what is 7th pay commission? These articles try to answer these questions.


HRA or House Rent Allowance

Leave Travel Allowance

Income Tax Proof Submission to Employer

Employee Provident Fund


Income Tax For Employee

On Changing Jobs

  • Changing Jobs:Take Care Of Bank Account,Tax Liability
  • Changing Jobs and Tax, Form 12B
  • EPF Form 11 on Joining a New Job
  • Encashing Earned Leaves : Exemption and Tax
  • What is Gratuity? :
  • After 5 years of working in the company an employee becomes eligible for Gratuity. Gratuity is a lump sum payment made by employer  to the employee based on the duration of his  total service when the employee leaves the job .  The reason for leaving the job can be either by resignation, death, retirement or termination, etc. The amount you get as gratuity depends on the number of years you have served and the last drawn monthly salary. Roughly, you get half a month’s Basic and Dearness Allowance(DA) for every completed year of service. The gratuity received by an employee is NOT taxable if it is received on his retirement, his becoming incapacitated prior to retirement or if such gratuity is received by his widow, children or dependants on his death. So if one doesn’t retire and is below the retirement age then Gratuity is not tax free. Gratuity is taxed under the head Income from Salaries.


Companies often reward their employees with their stock, either in the form of employee stock option plans (ESOP) or Restricted Stock Units(RSU) or employee stock purchase plans (ESPP).

If you work for MultiNational company then you might get stocks listed on stock exchanges listed outside India like the USA. Then these become your foreign assets.



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