Basics of Employee Provident Fund: EPF, EPS, EDLIS

Employee Provident Fund (EPF) is one of the main platforms of savings in India for nearly all people working in Private sector Organizations. This article is about what is Employee Provident Fund(EPF), Employee Pension Scheme(EPS), Employees Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme (EDLIS), how the contributions are calculated based on basic salary and dearness allowance, what are the EPF interest rate, how much would one save in EPF, how would one know about the amount accumulated in PF.

Retirement fund body EPFO On 19 Dec 2016 decided to lower the interest on EPF deposits for the FY 2016-17 to 8.65 per cent, from 8.8 provided in 2015-16, for its over four crore subscribers.

Overview of Employee Provident Fund

What is Employee Provident Fund?

A provident fund is created with a purpose of providing financial security and stability to elderly people. Generally one contributes in these funds when one starts as employee, the contributions are made on a regular basis (monthly in most cases).  It’s purpose is to help employees save a fraction of their salary every month, to be used in an event that the employee is temporarily or no longer fit to work or at retirement.  The investments made by a number of people / employees are pooled together and invested by a trust.  Typically 12% of the Basic, DA, and cash value of food allowances has to be contributed to the EPF account. When one says EPF it means

  • Employee Provident Fund(EPF)Employee’s contribution is matched by Employer’s contribution(till 12%). The employer contribution is exempt from tax and employee’s contribution is taxable but eligible for deduction under section 80C of Income tax Act. The EPF amount earns interest as declared by Government.
  • Employees’ Pension Scheme (EPS) of 1995 offers pension on disablement, widow pension, and pension for nominees. 
  • Employees Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme (EDLIS) provides for a lump sum payment to the insured’s nominated beneficiary in the event of death due to natural causes, illness or accident, while in job.

The EPF & MP Act, 1952 was enacted by Parliament and came into force with effect from 4th March,1952. A series of legislative interventions were made in this direction, including the Employees’ Provident Funds & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. Presently, the following three schemes are in operation under the Acts:( Click on the link if interested in reading the acts which are in pdf format)

1. Employees’ Provident Fund Scheme, (EPS)1952
2. Employees’ Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme,(EDILS) 1976
3. Employees’ Pension Scheme, 1995 (replacing the Employees’ Family Pension Scheme, 1971)(EPS)

Table below gives the rates of contribution of EPF, EPS, EDLI, Admin charges in India.

Scheme Name Employee contribution Employer contribution
Employee provident fund 12% 3.67%
Employees’ Pension scheme 0 8.33%
Employees Deposit linked insurance 0 0.5%(capped at a maximum of Rs 15,000)
EPF Administrative  charges 0 0.85% (From Jan 2015)  1.1% (Earlier)
PF Admin account 1.1%
EDLIS Administrative charges 0 0.01%

Difference between EPF and EPF Private Trust?

For an employer there are three ways he can contribute to Provident Fund of his Employees if number of employees is more than 20. Exempt means  free from an obligation, duty, or liability to which others are subject.

  • One is to save in an un-exempt fund like the EPF under the EPFO. Un-exempted firms are those firms which maintain the PF accounts of their workers with EPFO. There are over five crore active subscribers whose accounts are being managed by EPFO.
  • Save in a company-run exempt fund, EPF Private Trust, recognised by the EPFO and which pays at least the same interest as the EPF.  EPF Trust has to do the duties and responsibilities like EPFO. EPF Private trusts are formed by firms that manage the money and accounts of their workers themselves and have exemption from filing PF returns. The members of these trusts enjoy income tax and other benefits at par with EPFO subscribers. Such establishments who seeks exemptions and create EPF Private Trusts are called exempted establishment. However, the pension is payable only by the EPFO. Companies like TCS, Accenture have their Private PF Trust.   Our article  EPF Private Trust, the Exempted EPF Fund discusses it in detail.
  • Put money in a company-run excluded fund, which is not EPFO regulated, but is set up with approval from the resident income tax commissioner. This type of fund looks after all investments and fund management itself and is self-regulated.

How does one join EPF under EPFO?

Employees working in private sector, drawing basic salary upto Rs 15000(From Sep 1 2014 salary limit has been increased to Rs 15,000  before it was Rs 6500) have to compulsory contribute to the Provident fund and employees drawing above Rs 6501 have an option to become member of the Provident Fund. It is beneficial for employees who draw salary above Rs 15001(Before Sep 1 2014 minimum was Rs 6501) to become member of Provident Fund as it is deducted from the salary before it is deposited on bank or given hence compulsorily saving happens.

Those who started job after 1 Sep 2014 and earning more than 15,000  Rs in basic and DA will not be contributing to the EPS or Pension scheme.

From 10 Feb 2016 one is not allowed to withdraw Employer share of EPF contribution and retirement age has been change to 58 years. Our article Changes in EPF Withdrawal Rules from 10 Feb 2016 discusses it in detail.

Every employee needs to submit a declaration,Form 11, when he takes up new employment in an organisation which is registered under the EPF Scheme of 1952. This form, EPF Form 11, contains basic information regarding the employee and it is mandatory for an employee to fill it upon joining an organisation . EPF Form 11 is a self declaration by new joinee about his status whether he is a member or non member of EPF / EPS in earlier employments and opt out of EPF. This article EPF Form 11 on Joining a New Job explains what is EPF Form 11, goes through contents of EPF Form 11 and instructions on how to fill it.

To become a member of the Employee Provident Fund one has to fill Form 11 and Nomination Form. For more details check out EPFI webpage  for Employees. Sample images of the Form 11 and Form 2(front and back) are given below. Click on the image to enlarge.

Form 11

Form 11

Form 2 Front

Form 2 Front

Form 2 back

Form 2 back

Government Employees do not contribute to EPF but to NPS from 2004

Government employees, do not contribute to EPF. Contribution to Tier-I is mandatory for all Government servants joining Government service on or after 1-1-2004 (except the armed forces in the first stage), whereas Tier-II will be optional and at the discretion of Government servants. In Tier-I, a Government servant will have to make a contribution of 10% of his basic pay plus DA, which will be deducted from his salary bill every month by the PAO concerned. The Government will make an equal matching contribution. However, there will be no contribution from the Government in respect of individuals who are not Government employees.

How is UAN related to EPF?

UAN is Universal Account Number. The UAN is a 12-digit  number allotted to employee who is contributing to EPF. Universal number is a big step towards shifting the EPF services to online platform and making it more user-friendly.  Please note that The universal account number remains same through the lifetime of an employee. It does not change with the change in jobs.  Now one has UAN number and PF number also called as Member Id.

An employee will have one UAN or Universal Account number, which as the name implies will remain the same. It will maintain all your Member Ids.  Its like you can have multiple Saving Bank account but all these are tied to your one Permanent Account Number or PAN. So when you change your job and the new employer, if contributing to EPF, gives you a new Member ID. This new Member ID has to be linked to your UAN number.

Through Universal Account Number (UAN) driven Member Portal ,, EPFO provides a number of facilities to its members through a single window. Member has to activate his registration to avail various facilities such as UAN card download, member passbook download, updation of KYC information, listing all his member ids to UAN, file and view transfer claim. Following articles explain UAN in detail.

Who runs EPF?

Employee Provident Fund (EPF) is implemented by the Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) of India. An establishment with 20 or more workers working in any one of the 180+ industries ( given here) should register with EPFO. EPFO is a statutory body of the Indian Government under Labour and Employment Ministry. It is one of the largest social security organisations in the world in terms of members and volume of financial transactions undertaken.

EPFO logo

EPFO logo

Interest on EPF

Q. What is the interest on the PF accumulations ?

A : Compound interest as declared by Central Govt. is paid on the amount standing to the credit of an employee as on 1st April every year.

The EPF interest rate of India is decided by the central government with the consultation of Central Board of trustees. In the past several decades, the interest rate has ranged from 8-12 % of the balances maintained in the fund.  The EPF interest rate notification is available on the official website of EPF India on an annual basis. The same is communicated through major dailies in all cities. To see Interest rate over the years from 1952 please click the image to enlarge. Following table shows Interest rate of EPF for last few years. You can check out interest rate and how EPFO pays interest in our article EPF Interest Rate from 1952 and EPFO

Financial Year Interest Rate
2012-13 8.5%
2013-2014 8.75%
2014-2015 8.75%
2015-16  8.8%
2016-17  8.65%

How EPFO manages to pay the interest?

The EPFO ‘declares’ the annual interest paid out to subscribers each year. In the last four years, the returns have been around 8.75 per cent a year. This interest is decided based on the surplus of its income over expenses. The fund earns income from the interest on government deposits, gilts, corporate bonds and the other securities it holds in its portfolio. It incurs costs on subscriber payouts and expenses. n 2015-16, EPFO invested 5% of its incremental corpus, or a little more than Rs.6,000 crore, in stocks. Labour ministry officials estimate that in 2016-17, the amount would rise to as much as Rs.10,000 crore. Our article How EPFO Manages Money, EPFO invesment in Stock Market discusses it in detail.

Q.  How does EPF total amount, interest calculated?

At the beginning of each year there would be opening balance, the amount accumulated till then. Contribution is made monthly but interest is calculated yearly. One gets interest on opening balance and monthly contribution. So for next year the new opening balance would be: old opening balance + contribution throughout the year + interest on the (old opening balance + contribution)

To see the calculation for each year in above example click on the image below. You can also play with EPF calculator here.

EPF amount calculation

EPF calculation

Q. How much would one save by investing in EPF?

Let’s say Swayam starts with a basic salary of Rs. 20,000. Every year, on an average, he gets a 5% increment. He started at 25 years and worked till 60 years so his working life is, 35 years. He contributes 12% of his basic salary towards PF which is matched equally by one’s company, (EPF contribution is 3.67%, EPS 8.67%).

In this case, over the course of 35 years of his working life, his  total contribution is Rs. 26.01 Lakhs. Of course, his company makes a contribution of Rs. 7.955 Lakhs, total contribution of Rs 33.967 lakh. And this amount grows into – Rs. 1.38 Crores at the time of his retirement!

EPF how much

EPF Benefit

(Image courtesy Livemint)

Q. Can I voluntary contribute more than the statutory limit to EPF?

You can contribute additional amount (over and above 12%) to Provident Fund by depositing VPF (Voluntary Provident Fund). However, employer is not bound to do a matching contribution.The employer is liable to pay contribution only on 6500/15000 whatever is the basic salary. This is called voluntary contribution and a Joint Declaration Form needs to be filled up where the employer and the employee both have to give a declaration as to the rate at which PF would be deducted. Our article Voluntary Provident Fund explains it in detail.

How to check EPF balance?

EPFO has been using technology to turn into a more professional and nimble organisation. Now you can check your EPF balance through SMS, see your passbook. It has introduced online facility for transferring the balance to a new account.  Going forward, all members will have a Universal Account Number(UAN) which will be portable across employers and cities. UANs have already been allotted to active contributors to the EPF

You can check your EPF balance through various ways. Our article How to get information about EPF balance : Annual Statement, SMS, E-Passbook explains the various methods of getting EPF balance in detail.

  • Annual Statement : EPFO used to send an annual statement through the employer to the employee which gives details about the PF accumulations. It is wide slip of paper. The statement contains details like, Opening balance, amount contributed during the year, withdrawal during the year, interest earned and the closing balance in the PF account.
  • EPF balance by SMS From July  2011 one can check the EPF Account balance online.
    • Go to Select EPFO Office
    • Enter PF Account Number which is in the format : EPFO Office Code/Establishment Code(Max. 7 Digits)/Extension(Max. 3 digits)/Account Number (Max 7 digit) (PF Account Number may not have Extension code, in that case leave it blank).
    • Enter your Mobile and Name, Accept Terms and condition and Submit.
    • You will get SMS alert from EPFO : EE amount : Rs XXXXX and ER amount Rs:XXXXX as on <Today’s Date>(Account updated upto Date).
    • Sequence of steps is shown in the images below. Click on image to enlarge.

      EPF Know your balance instructions

      Know your balance Instructions

      Select PF office

      Select PF office

      EPF Select PF Office Code

      EPF Select PF Office Code

      EPF Enter account Number

      EPF Enter account Number

      You will get SMS alert from EPFO : EE amount : Rs XXXXX and ER amount Rs:XXXXX as on <Today’s Date>(Account updated upto Date).

      EE = Employee Contribution and ER = Employer Contribution on date(shown in Account updated date) mentioned in your SMS. It does not show current balance of PF  Account as on Today

  • EPF Passbook : On 30 Nov 2012 EPFO launched e-passbook facility. The online EPF or EPF ePassbook is an online version of the employee’s provident fund account. You need to register at to get the passbook. Note it takes time for registration to become active. You will get an SMS when you would be able to download the passbook. It shows information in detail, opening balance, contribution every month from employee and employer, how employer contribution is being split into PF and EPS. Withdrawals if any that has been made from the EPF account.
  • EPF passbook with UAN

    The UAN is a 12-digit number allotted to each Employee Provident Fund member  by the Employee Provident Fund  Organization(EPFO) which gives him control of his EPF account and minimises the role of employer. UAN number activation started in Oct 2014. You can download the EPF passbook if you have activated your UAN number. Our article UAN or Universal Account Number and Registration of UAN talks about how to register for UAN. 

  • EPF and Mobile You can also view it through the Mobile App launched by EPFO in Sep 2015, as explained in our article EPFO Mobile App , SMS Service and Missed Call : Employee Provident Fund

Withdrawal and Transfer of EPF

Q. At the time of change of Job what happens to EPF? Can one withdraw the entire amount?
Yes, legally it is mandatory to transfer EPF Account at the time of job change. But, people generally don’t do it; instead of transferring, they withdraw the amount. From 10 Feb 2016 You cannot withdraw Employer contribution to EPF before 58 years. Our article Changes in EPF Withdrawal Rules from 10 Feb 2016 discusses it in detail.

In case of EPS, if the service period is less than 10 years, you’ve option to either withdraw your corpus or get it transferred by obtaining a ‘Scheme Certificate’. Once, the service period crosses 10 years, the withdrawal option ceases.

Q Are there in any tax implications, if I withdraw the EPF balance before 5 years?
A: In case you are a member of recognized provident fund it depends on if contribution is over 5 years or not, including transfers from different companies.  If you withdraw before completing a period of 5 years, then all your previous years income gets recomputed as if the fund was unrecognized from the very beginning  (i.e., the tax benefits you received on your own contribution u/s 80C/88 in earlier years will get forfeited) and further the employer contribution and interest received will be added to your current income subject to relief under section 89.

Q. What is TDS on EPF withdrawal? What is Form 15G?

  • Provident fund withdrawal is before five years of completion of service attracts tax deducted at source (TDS) at 10 per cent from Jun 1 2015.
  • TDS will be deducted at 34 per cent if one does not submit PAN.
  • Exemption from TDS has been given to subscribers with no taxable income, provided they submit 15G/15H form. To avoid the levy of TDS, 15H (for senior citizens) or Form No. 15G (other than senior citizens) can be submitted, provided the provident fund amount payable is up to  basic exemption limit which for AY 2016-17 is 2,50,000 and Rs 3,00,000 for senior citizens respectively.
  • Our article  How to Fill Form 15G? How to Fill Form 15H? explains how to fill the form 15G/15H in detail.

Q Are there in any tax implications, if I withdraw the EPF balance after 5 years?

No if you withdraw after 5 years of total contribution to EPF(which includes multiple jobs) then your EPF withdrawal becomes tax free. Show it as exempt income in Income tax return.

Q. Can I withdraw from EPF while working?

EPF scheme allows partial withdrawals for the purpose of marriage/illness/higher education/house construction etc.

Q How to transfer EPF? 

Ideally, you should initiate the process of transferring your EPF balance as soon as you join your new organization and are allotted a new PF account number. From Oct 2014 most of employees have been alloted Universal account number or UAN , a 12-digit number by the Employee Provident Fund  Organization(EPFO) which gives him control of his EPF account and minimises the role of employer. Universal Account Number (UAN) Member Portal ( was launched in September 2014. This portal offers lot of facilities to employees or EPF members. But, EPF Online Transfer Claim is still not available. For time-being you have to submit online EPF Transfer claims through or  Click on Online Transfer Claim link ar EPF website .

Employee Pension Scheme

Employees’ Pension Scheme (EPS) of 1995 offers pension on disablement, widow pension, and pension for nominees. EPS program replaced the Family Pension Scheme (FPS). It is financed by diverting 8.33 percent of employer’s monthly contribution from the EPF(restricted to 8.33% of 6500 or Rs 541. From Sep 1 2014 salary limit has been increased to Rs 15,000 so Rs 1250 per month) and government’s contribution of 1.17 percent of the worker’s monthly wages.  Our article Understanding Employee Pension Scheme or EPS discusses it in detail.

The purpose of the scheme is to provide for
1) Superannuation Pension:Member who has rendered eligible service of 20 years and retires on attaining the age of 58 years.
2) Retiring Pension:member who has rendered eligible service of 20 years and retires or otherwise ceases to be in employment before attaining the age of 58 years.
3) Permanent Total Disablement Pension
4) Short service Pension: Member has to render eligible service of 10 years and more but less than 20 years.

Q: When can an employee start receiving a Pension?
A employee can start receiving the pension under EPS only after rendering a minimum service of 10 years and attaining the age of 58/50 years.However, no pension is payable before the age of 50 years and early pension after 50 years but before the age of 58 years is subject to discounting factor @ 4% (w.e.f. 26.09.2008) for every year falling short of 58 years. In case of death / disablement, the above restrictions doesn’t apply.

Q: How long the pension is available?
A: Lifelong pension is available to the member and upon his death members of the family are entitled for the pension.

Q: What is the formula for calculating the monthly pension?
A:Under Employees’ Pension Scheme, the monthly retiring pension is decided on the basis of ‘Pensionable Service’ and ‘Pensionable Salary’ and is worked out as follows

Monthly pension=( Pensionable salary*Pensionable service)/70

Pensionable Salary is arrived at by considering the average contributing salary immediately preceding 12 months from the date of exit from the scheme, normally this would be limited to Rs 6,500 p.m. unless certain enhanced contributions are made by the employer with permission. Pensionable Service is the service in years rendered by the member for which contributions have been received maximum cannot exceed 35 years

Q: What is the maximum amount of Pension available under EPS?
A:  The government has also fixed monthly pension benefit at Rs 1,000 from the financial year 2014-15 . Those who started job after 1 Sep 2014 and earning more than 15,000  Rs in basic and DA will not be contributing to the Pension scheme. Before Sep 1 2014 it was Based on a maximum employment period of 35 years, and maximum contribution of Rs 6500, the maximum amount of pension as per the Pension formula would be = 6500 * 35)/70 = Rs 3,250 per month or  Rs. 39,000(3250 * 12) per year. Our article How much EPS Pension will you get with EPS Pension Calculator explains it in detail.

  • Maximum Pension one can get is Rs 7,500  per month.
  • Minimum Pension one can get is Rs 1,000 per month.

Q. Is the Monthly Pension paid under EPS just?

The amount of pension is meager. If one would have invested Rs 541 in a recurring deposit at the rate of 8% for 35 years one would get 12,49,263 as maturity amount. If this maturity amount is put in buying the Pension plan say LIC’s Jeevan Akshay VI and put the above amount Rs 12,49,263 in the premium calculator of LIC with option as Annuity payable for life, one would get montly pension of Rs 10,150 which is much more than Rs 3250.

Employees Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme (EDLIS)

Under the EDLI scheme life insurance cover is provided to the PF members. The cost of the scheme is borne by the employer but as the amount of life coverage under this statutory scheme is very low, usually employers opt out of the EDLI scheme by going for group insurance scheme which usually provides higher coverage to employees without any increase in cost to the employer. Premium for the EDLI is entirely funded by the employer, which contributes 0.5% of monthly basic pay (capped at a maximum of Rs 15,000) as premium for life cover in case the organization does not have a group insurance scheme for its employees.

In Sep 2015, the EPFO announced increase in the maximum amount assured under its Employees Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme (EDLI) to Rs 6 lakh from the existing Rs 3.6 lakh. The claim amount of the EDLI is decided by the last drawn salary of the employee. The claim amount would be

  • 30 times the salary.For this calculation salary is basic pay plus DA or Dearness Allowance. The upper limit of wage for the EDLI is Rs 15,000. 
  • Along with this, the bonus of Rs 1.5 lakh is also given.
  • Thus, the maximum EDLI claim amount would be Rs 6 lakh [(30 x15,000) + 1,50,000].

The condition of continuous employment of one year under current employer before being eligible for insurance benefits was also removed.

Our article EDLI, Employee Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme discusses it in detail.

Related Articles:

In this article we covered about EPF, EPS, the calculation etc. In the next article we shall cover about how to withdraw or transfer from EPF, EPS. Difference between EPF and PPF? If you find something missing or incorrect please let us know, we shall correct is As Soon As Possible(ASAP). Hope you found this article helpful. What are you thoughts on EPF? Does it make sense to contribute to EPF?

291 Responses to Basics of Employee Provident Fund: EPF, EPS, EDLIS

  1. Raju says:

    I worked for a private company for 8 Year and left the job and sit at home for 2 years, (withdrawal PF but not EPS) , after 2 year join another company and serve 3 years. (so total 11 year service from last 13 years), will I get pension.

  2. Arvind Tabhane says:

    I want to upload ECR for the month of March, 2012 (mannual challan and payment already made in March 2012).

    We have prepared the xls file in the new filed as per ECR of EPFO and edited the data of gross wages, EPF wages, EPF_wages and EDLI wages as Rs.6500/- in both coloumn, EPS contribution as Rs.541/- based on the already approved data against which mannual challan submitted in March 2012.

    However, as per the new format of ECR by EPFO, error is mentioning as :

    ‘Error EDLI wages should be less than or equal to EPF Wages, subject to max of 15000’

    In view of above, may please guide that how much EDLI wages shall be there based on our already submitted challan @ Rs.6500/-, so that correct ECR can be uploaded in EPFO website.

  3. Inicialmente si no se omite ningun paso en la revision y no cambiamos piezas para ver si acertamos, podemos llegar a una reparacion exitosa y no muy neveras con placas electronicas en venezuela han tenido mas exito por su diseño que desempeño y duracion. Singapur es un férreo paraíso fiscal con un secreto bancario más protegido que el de Luxemburgo.

  4. Priyanka says:

    Im working in an organization from 2 years, now i am leaving company as i am moving out of INDIA.
    Should i withdrawal my PF or continue?
    Until which time my PF account will be working and will i get interest on my PF amount

  5. PUSHPA says:



  6. prakash says:

    Dear Sir,

    I like to ask you that is Housekeeping contract staff what is the minimum wages PF.ESI other detais.

    Please explain with examples

    I hope i will wait for your reply

  7. P K SAHU says:

    कर्मचारी भविष्य निधि संगठन में ई पी एस के तहत प्राप्त होने वाले पेंशन से निजी क्षेत्र के कर्मचारियों को फायदा कम नुकसान ज्यादा हो रही है !

    कर्मचारी भविष्य निधि संगठन के तहत पेंशन फंड में नियोक्ता द्वारा कर्मचारी के मूलवेतन का 8.33% राशि योगदान की जाती है । जिसमें सरकार नाममात्र का 1.16% राशि योगदान करती है । पेंशन फंड में जमा राशि पर ब्याज प्रदान नही की जाती है । कर्मचारी का न्यूनतम 10 वर्ष सेवा पूर्ण होने पर 50/58 वर्ष बाद पेंशन प्रदान की जाती है । किन्तु यह पेंशन कर्मचारी की पेंशन फंड मे जमा राशि के तुलना में बहुत ही कम दी जा रही है । जिसे हम नीचे दिये गए उदाहरण के द्वारा समझ सकतें हैं ।

    माना की रमेश 23 वर्ष की उम्र में 4000 रुपये मूल वेतन के सांथ किसी कम्पनी में नौकरी शुरू कि । यदि मूलवेतन में प्रतिवर्ष 300 रूपये वृद्धि होती है तो रमेश की 58 वर्ष की आयु तक 35 वर्ष की सेवा पूर्ण हो जायेगी तथा मूलवेतन 14200 रुपये हो जायेगी ।

    पेंशन सूत्र अनुसार रमेश को 58 वर्ष की आयु के बाद उसकी 35 वर्ष की सेवा एवं 14200 रुपये मूलवेतन के आधार पर – 35*14200/70=7100 रुपये प्रतिमाह पेंशन प्राप्त होगी ।

    उपरोक्त्त उदाहरण के ठीक विपरीत यदि रमेश प्रतिमाह पेंशन फंड में जमा होने वाली राशि के बराबर PPF या किसी अन्य सेविंग स्कीम में निवेश करेगी तो 58 वर्ष की आयु तक ब्याज सहित लगभग 12 लाख 55 हजार रुपये जमा हो जायेगी। उस 12 लाख 55 हजार रुपये को यदि पोस्ट ऑफीस की मंथली इन्कम स्कीम में निवेश करेगी तो 8000 रुपये प्रतिमाह ब्याज प्राप्त होगी तथा उसके मूलधन 12 लाख 55 हजार रुपये खाता में सुरक्षित रहेगी।

    जबकि सरकार पेंशन फंड में जमा राशि पर प्रतिमाह 7100 रुपये ही पेंशन के रूप में प्रदान करेगी तथा पेंशनर एवं उसकी पत्नी के मृत्यु के बाद यदि उसके बच्चों की उम्र 25 वर्ष से कम है तोे बच्चों को पेंशन मिलेगी हालाँकि कर्मचारी की 58 वर्ष उम्र होते तक बच्चों की उम्र भी 25 वर्ष से ऊपर होगी अतः पेंशन पूर्णतः बंद हो जायेगी। कर्मचारी के जिंदगी भर की मेहनत की कमाई से जमा पेंशन फंड की राशि नॉमिनी को नही लौटाई जाती है यह पूर्णतः सरकार की हो जायेगी ।

    उपरोक्त उदाहरण के अतिरिक्त 10 वर्ष से कम सर्विस का एक अन्य उदाहरण प्रस्तुत है…..
    माना की श्याम ने 23 वर्ष की उम्र में 4000 रूपये मूलवेतन से नौकरी शुरु की और 9 वर्ष 5 माह में 7000 रुपये मूलवेतन पर नौकरी छोड़ दी तो वह पेंशन का हकदार नही होगा क्योंकि उसकी सेवा 9 वर्ष मानी जायेगी ।
    श्याम को EPS नियमानुसार 9 वर्ष की सेवा पर 9.33% * अंतिम 12 माह की औसत मूलवेतन (9.33*6825) = 63677 रूपये पेंशन फंड की राशि वापस कर दी जायेगी ।
    यदि श्याम 9 वर्ष 5 माह के स्थान पर 9 वर्ष 6 माह की सेवा के बाद नौकरी छोड़ देती है । तो उसकी पेंशन योग्य सेवा 10 वर्ष मानी जायेगी और वह पेंशन का हकदार हो जायेगा । तथा 50 वर्ष की आयु के बाद उसकी 10 वर्ष की सेवा एवं अंतिम 12 माह की औसत मूलवेतन के आधार पर कुल {10*6850/70} =979 रुपये प्रतिमाह पेंशन बनेगी । हाँलाकि सरकार ने न्यूनतम मासिक पेंशन 1000 रूपये कर रखी है अतः श्याम को 50 वर्ष की आयु पूर्ण होने पर 1000 रुपये प्रतिमाह मासिक पेंशन प्राप्त होगी ।
    इसी उदाहरण के ठीक विपरीत यदि श्याम 9 वर्ष 6 माह की नौकरी न कर 9 वर्ष 5 माह बाद नौकरी छोड़ कर पेंशन फंड से मिली एकमुश्त राशि 63677 रुपये को 17 वर्ष के लिए (वर्तमान ब्याज दर 7.25% पर ) फिक्स डिपॉजिट कर देती है तो श्याम को 50 वर्ष की आयु पूर्ण होते ही F.D.की मैच्यूरीटी राशि 2 लाख 9 हजार रूपये प्राप्त होगी ।
    इस राशि को पोस्ट ऑफीस की मंथली इन्कम स्कीम में निवेश करती है तो प्रतिमाह 1340 रूपये ब्याज प्राप्त होगी ।साथ ही 2 लाख 9 हजार रूपये उसके खाते में सुरक्षित रहेगी ।
    जबकि सरकार श्याम को 10 वर्ष की सेवा पर 50 वर्ष की उम्र के बाद मात्र 1000 रूपये ही प्रतिमाह पेंशन प्रदान करेगी । न तो इसमें प्रतिवर्ष महँगाई राहत के रुप में किसी प्रकार की वृध्दि होगी और न ही कर्मचारी की मृत्यु के बाद पेंशन फंड में जमा राशि उसके नॉमिनी को वापस लौटायेगी ।
    EPFO की इस EPS स्कीम से कर्मचारी को फायदा कम नुकसान ज्यादा हो रही है । EPS स्कीम सिर्फ उन्हीं कर्मचारीयों के परिवारों के लिए फायदेमंद है! जिसकी आकस्मिक मृत्यु अल्प सेवा के दौरान हो गई हो या जो 40 वर्ष की उम्र के बाद EPF की सदस्य बनें हैं जिनकी पेंशन फंड में कम योगदान है ।
    अतः सरकार को निम्न बिंदुओं पर जवाब देना चाहिये ..

    1. निजी क्षेत्र के कर्मचारियों की मेहनत की कमाई से जमा पेंशन फंड की राशि पर इतनी कम पेंशन क्यों दी जाती है । जबकि दी जाने वाले पेंशन राशि से अधिक सरकार पेंशन फंड में जमा राशि पर ब्याज प्राप्त कर रही है।
    2. कोई कर्मचारी लम्बी अवधि तक EPF का सदस्य है तथा 58 वर्ष में पेंशन प्राप्त करती है। यदि कुछ दिनों बाद पति-पत्नी दोनों की मृत्यु हो जाती है और उनके बच्चों की आयु भी 25 वर्ष से ऊपर है तो उनकी पेंशन पूरी तरह बंद हो जायेगी । तब कर्मचारी के पूरी जिंदगी की कमाई से जमा पेंशन फंड की राशि को सरकार उसकी नॉमिनी को क्यों नही वापस करती है ।
    जबकि NPS में पूरी राशि कर्मचारी के नॉमिनी को लौटा दी जाती है ।
    2. पेंशन फंड में जमा राशि पर EPF की तरह ब्याज क्यों नहीं प्रदान कि जाती है तथा ब्याज सहित कुल जमा राशि के अनुसार प्रतिमाह पेंशन क्यों नही दी जाती है ।
    3. पेंशन की राशि में प्रतिवर्ष महँगाई राहत के रूप में वृद्धि क्यों नही की जाती है ।

    4.पेंशन सूत्र में परिवर्तन क्यों नही क्या जाता है


    sir, can I break up minimum wages limit into baic salary and allowances for calculation of pf contribution by employee and employer, e.g. if minimum wages limit is Rs.10000/pm can I break up this limit and offer wages as Basic pay Rs.8000 and HRA Rs.2000. in this case pf contribution will be calculated on Rs.8000. is it correct as per minimum wages and pf act?

  9. SAURABH says:


  10. Vishal says:


    I want to entire process of setting EPF & ESI (Including Mandatory requirements /Registration and documentation as employer.

    I am looking for set the entire labour enforcement guidelines in a eCommerce pharmacy company having register office at Jaipur Rajasthan. Can administration guide on the above process.

  11. Prakash says:

    i had left in may’15 from organisation”A” and joined in organisation “B” in Aug’16.
    i had left in aug’16 from organisation”B” and joined in organisation “C” in Sep’16.
    1) I have a UAN allocated to me during the tenure in organisation”A”, later PF account related to organisation”A” is only listed under my UAN login and the PF accounts of organisation”B” & organisation”C” are not listed in UAN login.
    2) Also, statement of organisation”A” is having details upto Mar’15 only and not having the details of Apr’15 & May’15.
    3) Also i had PF accounts related organisation”X” & organisation”Y” previous to organisation”A” which i had withdrawn from organisation”X” & not with drawn from organisation”Y”
    Can you tell me —>
    1) what should i do to reflect my PF accounts of organisation”B” & organisation”C” under the same UAN.
    2) what should i do to update the details of Apr’15 & May’15 PF account related to organisation”A”
    3) what should i do to reflect my PF accounts of organisation”X” & organisation”Y” under the same UAN.
    4) can i transfer the PF amount from organisation”Y” to organisation”C”

  12. Maqdum Ashrafi says:

    Sir. I have been working in Axa Business Services for 1yr there have created my UAN & then joined a new organization & the new company opened a new UAN no, so totally I have 2 UAN one from previous company & another from new, so o asked my old company that I want to withdraw PF but they said according to govt norms we carnt withdraw PF if we have another PF acc it can only be transfered. So my old company given me UAN no for that when ever am trying to check the balance the message is displaying as follows ” Member ID BGBNG0Xxxxxxxxxxxxx pertain to exempted establishment. PF Balance service is not available for Trust.” I don’t know what does it mean. & please let me know what are the possibilities to transfer the amount from old to new UAN No. If I transfer do the total amount will be transfered or partial amount. Please reply waiting for ur reply

  13. akash singh says:

    Respected sir/mam
    I recently left my first job in pvt company working less than 3 months & joined new government job as assistant manager in union bank. I did not share anything about previous job. During previous job pf number was allotted to me Nd UAN number was no allotted. so I don’t want my new employer to know about my previous work .so my question is—
    1.Can the new employer can know about my previous job details by during generating pf number/UAN number.??
    Please do the needful ,I am very upset regarding is very important for my good future.thanku sir/mam.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      It is better to tell the employer.
      But if you don’t want employer to know about your previous job, you don’t submit the old UAN number. A new UAN number will be generated.
      You can withdraw from old PF.

      • akash singh says:

        First of all ..THANKU VERY MUCH SIR for giving good response. i know ..aisee cheeze chupana kuch bi accha nai hota ….but I dont have appointment letter in firt job now i am very late to tell emloyer any thing about first job .during this job UAN number is not alloted to me AND only pf number is alloted to me.this pn account only have 1999 Rs. so money is does not matter.I am thinking about onLy career prospects in future.

  14. willy says:

    dear Sir.,

    I am working in a telecom industry and i would like to know that.,break up details of employee contribution between employer contribution. that EPFO allows private company to take employer contribution from employee salary?
    2. Both EM and ER contribution Deducted from my salary ., this is what guidelines talks about?

    Eg: My basic salary is 17,781 and my pf contribution is 2134 . but both EM and ER contribution deduction happening in my annual payout or CTC.

    Pls help me to understand

    • Amit says:

      Cost to company means its is cost that the company spends on employee every year. All the cost are added into your annual package when it is designed like the grautity, contribution towards PF, medical insurance premium if any, meals and cab service provided.You real salary is your net take home salary. For help contact us on we can guide you about your salary structure

  15. Sankar says:


    How to remove the PF linked by myself , because already my previous added it. so i need to remove the pf account linked by myself.

  16. […] Basics of Employee Provident Fund: EPF, EPS, EDLIS | Be … – What is Employee Provident Fund (EPF), Employee Pension Scheme(EPS), EDLIS, how is it calculated, EPF interest rate, how much one saves through EPF? […]

  17. Amit says:

    Sir, i have a doubt regarding PF withdrawal. Say my contribution is Rs. 1000/month to PF and similar contribution from my employer i.e Rs.367/month to PF and Rs. 833/month towards pension fund. I have worked for 2 years in the organisation (the organisation is exempt establishment) and now I wish to quit for higher education. How much money can I withdraw from PF. I’ve heard that some amount of PF money lapses if I quit job before 5 years. Kindly guide.

  18. Janardan says:

    Could you please share some notes related to maternity benefit act…

  19. Nisha says:

    My Gross salary is 10933/- but my net salary is 9056/-, pls give me the clarification

  20. Nisha says:

    My Gross salary is 10933/- but my net salary is 9056/-,when i ask them the break ups, am not getting the clarification from my organisation, pls help me out with this issue….

  21. […] Basics of Employee Provident Fund: EPF, EPS, EDLIS […]

  22. Madhuri Agarwal says:


    I had worked in TCS for 2 years and 6 months. There, both EPF & EPS accounts were created with an UAN. Then I switched to some other company and they created my another EPF account with another UAN. Then they initiated EPF account transfer process and its around 1 year and 3 months, my account didn’t get transferred. Now I am going to join some other organization, so which UAN should I need to share with them for further PF deduction.

    How EPS account of TCS can be tranferred or is there any other way so that I could withdraw the amount of both EPF accounts and EPS account?


    • bemoneyaware says:

      Share the latest UAN with new organization.
      Then transfer both your accounts , from TCS and other company to new organization.
      Along with EPF, EPS also gets transferred.

      If you want you can withdraw from TCS and other organisation but remember EPF is for retirement.
      And withdrawal below 5 years is taxable.

      • Madhuri Agarwal says:

        Thanks for the response.

        My earlier organisation had initiated the transfer from TCS but its not yet transferred. I tried to track it from EPFO portal but its showing “no claim transfer initiated”. Its not even allowing me to download passbook.

        Could you please let me know how to check its status and balance.

  23. jay says:

    I have worked in my previous organization for 5 month 28 days (This is as per epf transferred to new a/c, duration is 8 – jan – 2007 to 6-july-2007) and i have epf a/c in my current company from last one and half years.

    so am i eligible to apply for scheme certificate and what is my membership duration.
    kindly clarify.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      You get Scheme certificate when you withdraw from EPS after 10 years of contribution to EPS.
      As you have contributed less than 10 years to EPS and you are still working you cannot get Scheme Certificate?
      Why do you want Scheme Certificate?

  24. Paramveer Singh says:

    Hi, i have started manpower/labour contracting service and so i got EPF registration,but did not get any contract/offer till now. Should i submit challan every month. If yes, what is the minimum fee.

  25. Sandeep says:

    Hi ,

    After 4 Years and 4 months of employment with a company where there was an EPF account ,I am shifting to a company that has less than 20 emloyees that does not have an EPF scheme. Can i voluntarily contribute to 5 years so that i am not taxed at withdrawal ?

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Congratulations on your new job.
      Sorry you can’t contribute yourself to EPF.
      If you don’t need money don’t withdraw from EPF. You can let your EPF account earn interest. In due time when your new company joins EPF or you change a new job you can start contributing to EPF again.

      • Rakes Kumar says:

        I was working with an organization who has EPF facility. Now i am moving to central government organisation where we have NPS facility. Can i still contribute to my EPF account? Can i avail the facility of both EPF and NPS together? If yes then what is the disadvantage of having both the accounts?

  26. kuldip singh says:

    Sir we want to participate Govt canteen tender for initial period of one year. Organizer need the EPF number as well ESI and we not yet member of EPF OR ESI. Please suggest whether we need to register for EPF AND ESI just for one year contract what is the procedure please let me know the earliest.

  27. K.C.Gupta says:

    If the Total salary Rs. 7750/- per months, then get how many pension and EDLI ? while total Service time is 17 years.


      PENTION AMT. WILL BE 1882 CALCULATION : 7750*17 / 70 = 1882 AND EDLI WILL BE RS.382500 ( IF ASSUME THAT BASIC+DA=7750 THEN (7750*30)+150000 =382500 )

  28. Joseph says:

    Sir I Want to start a PVT LTD company, BPO sector. Required strength will be 70 employees. Should i need to contribute PF for my employees. To what basic salary will the company be exempted from the rule to contribute PF and ESI.
    Please clear my doubt.

  29. francis says:

    what is the minimum members for a firm to join EPF.
    i know a firm which has only 7 workers and another one has only 11 worker.
    are they eligible to join EPF or not
    please tell

    • bemoneyaware says:

      At present, all those firms employing 20 or more workers are covered by the retirement fund body Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) for providing a social security net.
      The government is considering a proposal to reduce threshold limit for coverage of firms under the EPF Act to 10 persons.

  30. shailendra says:

    Hi Sir,

    thanks for explaining these terms in detail that helped to understand them better.

    but still i have 1 doubt, i have changed my company recently and i got my PF account linked to UAN and from UAN member portal i could see the entire transaction history right from the month of joining.

    is there any similar way/portal where i can look into the EPS status, i curious to know if the same has been transferred or not.

    is it mandatory to serve the same company at least 10 years to avail the EPS amount


  31. Priyanka singh says:

    Excellent article ……. I really liked it as everything has been mentioned in a very simple language and covers details from basic to advance. Its just one of my favorite article.

    Thanks a lot for this wonderful article.

  32. Somasherkar says:

    Does employee has an option to switch or change the PF contribution amount from statutory wage ceiling to 12% basic with same employer?

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Yes using Voluntary Provident fund. In EPF, an employee has to contribute 12% of his basic pay towards his provident fund account. An equal amount is contributed by his employer. Apart from contributing the normal 12% of his basic pay, employee may choose to put in contribute more than this, voluntarily he can do so at any rate he desires upto 100% of basic and D.A. The contribution will earn the same rate as normal EPF contribution. But the employer is not bound to contribute at the enhanced rate. Employer’s will contribute an amount matching only the 12%. Our article Voluntary Provident Fund, Difference between EPF and PPF discusses it in detail.

      • Somasherkar says:

        Thanks for the information. I have an another question, I requested my employer to switch the contribution from statutory wage ceiling to 12% basic but I my comp & ben team is stating that it is not possible as per EPFO guideline, is that true or Do I have a provision to change to 12% basic without VPF?

  33. kokilavani.p says:


    Thanks for writing this article. A lot of really useful information.
    one question sir I am working as a teacher in cbse school and getting 23100 monthly as my salary please calculate and tell me the monthly PF deduction from my side and from the institution.
    I am waiting for your reply.
    Thank you

  34. Jia says:

    Very helpful article!
    Just one more question, hope you could point me in the right direction.
    I just checked my passbook online (on the site and found no entries for 10 months (Jan-Apr, Sept-Feb) of the 20 months I have worked in my previous company.
    They had deducted the amount from my salary and taxes were calculated assuming the contributions were made.
    What should I do now?

  35. Nidhi Shukla says:

    the three methods have been explained with a lot of clarity. Is it possible for an establishment to adopt two methods of calculation? that is one method for a few employees and another for the rest? As in some senior employees having joined before 1991 contribute 12% of total basic over and beyond 15000, along with an equal contribution from the employer and those who joined after 1991, contribute 12% of 15000 only with an equal contribution from the employer.

  36. Raj Kumar says:

    Regarding Pension

    Suppose Organisation deduct an amount Rs 4350 as a pension 7 I work with the Organisation for last 8 years .
    Shall I avail pension ?

  37. Sudeep Ghosh says:

    Dear Sir,

    In my organization the salary structure for freshers is as below:

    Basic 4500
    HRA 2250
    Conveyance 2100
    Special allowance 4230
    Total 13080

    ESI 621
    Employers PF contribution 1299
    CTC 15000

    Company is deducting 1299 as employees contribution to PF stating that the calculation is 12% of all salary components minus HRA. Is this correct. If not what should be the correct deduction?

    Please guide.

  38. Devendiran says:

    Dear sir,
    The rates you had mentioned in the table is not par with the rate mentioned by EPF India site.

    As per the document given in the link there is nothing called as EDLI Charges it is EDLI Contribution Account only. As the document the computation would by
    The employer contribution ie (EPS @ 8.33% + EPF @ 3.17% + EDLI @ 0.5%) = 12%.

    As per your chart it is (EPS @ 8.33% + EPF @ 3.67% + EDLI @ 0.5%) = 12.5%.
    Kindly correct me if am wrong.

  39. Mohan Chandra JOSHI says:

    I am going to join a safari company? What kind of fund I can apply? Is it necessary for company to generate a pf/epf account for me?

    Looking forward to your reply.

  40. XXX says:

    I have resigned from a private company and i am going to join a public sector company in few days. I have UAN and PF no. with my previous company and employee contribution,employer contribution and pension contribution is Rs 1,00,000 approx. for my 2.5 year of service. So, how much i will get if i opt for withdrawal of these after tax please give an approx figure only.

  41. UNKNOWN NAME says:

    Let’s say Swayam starts with a basic salary of Rs. 20,000. Every year, on an average, he gets a 5% increment. He started at 25 years and worked till 60 years so his working life is, 35 years.
    can you explain me the calculation of it.
    How did it sum upto 33 lakhs?

  42. saravana pandian s s says:

    In my EPF account have Rs 66200. Now I am resigned. 3 months after I am going to withdrawal my amount. So how much rupee will come ? This is my doubt plz clear me

  43. Ramani says:

    I left work after 2 years service and withdrew the EPF amount. I did not avail my EPF contribution under Sec 80C for tax exemption. Now, my understanding is employer contribution and the entire interest from EPF is taxable. My contribution can be exempted. kindly advise/confirm.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      When did you withdraw the EPF ? From what you have written you just have worked for 2 years.
      Are you working now?
      From our article Tax on EPF withdrawal
      When the PF amount is withdrawn before five years of continuous service, it is be taxable in the hands of the individual as if the fund was not recognised from the start of the contributions.Provident Fund would be treated as an Unrecognised Fund from the beginning.

      The employer’s contribution and interest, thereon, would be fully taxable as as profits in lieu of salary or ‘salary income’ in the hands of the individual.
      The employee’s contribution would be taxable to the extent of deduction claimed under Section 80C, if any, under the Income-tax Act,1961 and
      The interest earned on employee’s total contributions would be taxable as ‘income from other sources’ in the hands of the employee.

      • Ramani says:

        I left my job after 24 months of working in end of June 2015 and now studying MBA. I withdrew and got the PF amount in Dec 2015. Now is the time to file my return.

        • bemoneyaware says:

          You had salary income from 1 Apr 2015 to Jun 2015
          You had EPF withdrawal which would be taxable if it is less than 5 years of contribution to EPF.
          Its good to file ITR .
          In the following situations the Income Tax Act its mandatory for you to file an Income Tax Return in India if any one of these is applicable to you:
          As per the Income Tax Act, in the following situations, it is mandatory for you to file an Income Tax Return in India:

          Your gross total income (before allowing any deductions under section 80C to 80U) exceeds Rs.2,50,000 in the financial year that begins on 1st April 2015 and ends on 31st March 2016.
          You want to claim an income tax refund.
          You want to carry forward a loss under a head of income.
          Return filing is mandatory if you are a Resident individual and have an asset or financial interest in an entity located outside of India. (Not applicable to NRIs or RNORs).
          Or if you are a Resident and a signing authority in a foreign account. (Not applicable to NRIs or RNORs).
          You are required to file an income tax return when you are in receipt of income derived from property held under a trust for charitable or religious purposes or a political party or a research association, news agency, educational or medical institution, trade union, a not for profit university or educational institution, a hospital, infrastructure debt fund, any authority, body or trust.
          A proof of return filing may also be required at the time of applying for a loan or a visa.

    • B.DKUKRETI says:

      Govt has recently enhanced the amount of EDLI to Rs 6 lac and
      published the guzzet on 24.5.16 wherein clearly mentioned that it is amendment of last year september 2015. some people says that enhanced
      amount will be applicable from 24.5.2016,but in my openion it should start from september 2015,so that many death cases nominee to be benefitted by govt scheme both EPF and member,so kindly look into the matter and press to govt for applicable date september 2015 instead of 24.5.2016.

  44. Galvin Dsuza says:

    Hi Basavaraj Tonagatti,
    I do have a query regarding my tenure,
    I started my job from apr-2006, my pf account created on May-2006.
    My contribution made from (you can say May-2006)
    Organization I
    1. May-2006 – Sep-2008 (29 Months)
    2. From Sep-2008 – Jul-2011 (I was out of india, under the same organization and no contribution made during this period) (2 Years 10 Months around)
    3. Aug-2008 – June-2015 (47 Months)
    Organization II
    1. Oct-2015 – Till Now (Still serving)

    I did my pf transafer from my first org. to my Second Org. In comment of my pf transfer it stating like (09 Years, 02 Months, 02 Days). So my query is am I eligible for scheme certificate after 3-4 months (Since as of now I already served around 9 months in my current organization) ?
    Second query is untill when my pension part will be deducted from the emplyee share…?

  45. vikas says:

    What is this PF admin account-1.1%?Kindly elaborate.

  46. R. J. Shah says:

    Is the scheme EPS 1995 applicable to State Govt. employees? Is there any contribution from Govt . employees towards
    EPS 1995?

  47. faheem says:


    myself worked in a organisation for 5 months only , i got to know that ,we are eligible to apply pf only if we complete 6 months only , can anyone suggest me on this

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Yes what you heard is correct. You have to work for minimum 6 months to get the withdrawal benefits from EPFO. But there is a catch.
      for Employee contribution there is no limit of minimum period to be worked. but for Employer contribution to Pension you must work minimum 6 months.
      So you can withdraw your contribution to EPF.
      You can transfer both to new job as well.

  48. Komal says:

    I am not able to submit query on this site. It is showing me javascript not enabled. Although, the same is enabled. Also, the Toll free number – 1800118005 is not getting through

  49. Pintu says:

    My Father was working in a company since 1990 but due to some reasons he has to quit job in 2011.When I check EPF balance it shows account inoperative ,so what he should do to withdraw all the money.


    if i take early retirement means at the age of 55,original retirement age is 58,what is the procedure whether employer can accept, if accepts what are benefits we loose.

    one employee can have two or more pension ids,if employer allots like that PF department can accept or take any action against for such act

  51. AGNI says:

    How much money I will get if I close my EPF account in this condition?
    can you please help?

    Employees Contribution= 44746
    Employer’s Contribution= 13079
    pension is = 26451

  52. Gunasekar says:

    hello friends,

    Kindly advice me on below.
    I like to withdraw PF balance on my current working organisation, Is possible ?
    HOW ?

    Thanks in advance

  53. hari kishan k says:







  54. Sachin Kumar Roy says:

    All your Articles are awesome(Padh k Maza aa Jata hai :-).I cordially wanna thank you for such an helpful article.
    Keep posting….

  55. vishnu says:

    Hello Friend,

    PF Total Amount Rs. 1,15,621. From April 2011 to July 2013 – Full time employee, after Aug 2013 to till date working as freelancer. I recently submitted PF documents in the month of April 2016 2nd week.Received less amount Rs.12,300. Kindly advice.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Did you ask your employer for break up?
      PF means what : EPF or EPS too?
      Which forms did you fill Form 19 and/or Form 10C?

  56. Biji Thomas says:

    Kindly let me know the effective date of implementation of the latest rules of EDLI scheme which has been raised from Rs. 3.60 lakh to Rs. 6 lakh.

    Has the notification been issued by the government for the latest changes in the EDLI scheme? If yes, then kindly provide me the link to the notification.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      We could not find notification. But found 2 documents on EPF webpage which mentions it.
      newsletter Oct 2015(pdf)
      Agenda for Meeting
      Hope it helps

  57. vishal says:

    Please verify, if this is correct?

    If employee is eligible for PF now as their Basic salary + DA < 15000, but later after increment, if their basic + DA has exceeded 15000, then PF will still be continued as its registered and employee is still working in the organization and both the employee and employer contribution will be deducted from employee salary only.

  58. JayaKrishna says:

    Does this restriction of withdrawing of employee share + interest apply for advance amount for house construction/land purchase(advance withdrawal)?

  59. Abhijit Banerjee says:

    I am a Defence contractor. Of late Military Engineer Services ( MES) is asking for EPF account to compete in E- Tendering. EPE document to be uploaded for completion of tender application. Our job is not of regular nature. Half of the year we remain without any work. More over we are not principle employer and our nature of jobs do not permit to keel labour permanently.Time is passing out we are unable to participate in tender.
    Kindly advicew the future course of action.

  60. jayakrishna says:

    very good article

  61. shivakumar Bm says:

    hi sir,
    im working in last 8 years my PF also dedecting
    my qustion is last Apr-1st-16 my pf Balence checked its showing is updated till Feb-16.yasterday checked the balcence is showing only Mar-2105 with interst.
    so i can draw my pf upto 2015 March or not pls tell me

    shiva kumar BM

  62. Gaurav says:


    My basic salary is above 15000, however my employer is deducting both PF contributions on 15000/-, I am asking them to restructure my salary and do PF contribution on actual basic salary (both the contributions), this way my employer’s PF will also be increased and i will save on tax on that part. will there be addition on admin charges, if my emplyer’s contribution goes up and will that be ok that I bear any additional admin charges on account of increased employer’s contribution?

  63. Richa says:


    I have below query please guide me.
    Can person opt out of PF having basic salary above 15k? What is the declaration filled? If the person was previously in PF.

    PF is not deducted now by new employer is it correct.

    After resigning this job where no PF was deducted will there be problem in registering in PF again after a gap of year in new company.


    • bemoneyaware says:

      one has to opt out of Provident Fund in the start of his job. If a person has been part of EPF even once in his life, then he can’t opt out of it.
      If he fulfills the condition in form 11 – that is he has starting salary of over 15000 basic + da and he does not have any existing pf account! he can opt out of pf.
      However, he can not ask the company to pay him the employers contribution to him

  64. Anand says:


    I had a query regarding EPF. I had worked for about 4 years and have about 3.2 lakhs in my EPF account (employee and employer contribution included).

    I had two queries,

    1) Govt has recently proposed to divert money lying in unclaimed EPF accounts towards senior citizen’s welfare fund. I have not made any contributions in last 4 years as I’m presently unemployed. So will my EPF account be treated as unclaimed?

    2) Can I withdraw it fully and will it be taxed? If yes, approx how much would I need to pay as tax?

    • bemoneyaware says:

      1. Your EPF account is termed as inoperative as there has been no contribution for last 3 years.
      2. Yes you can withdraw full as the Govt has postponed not being able to withdraw employers contribution till 1st May. As you have contributed towards EPF for less than 5 years entire amount is taxable under various sections.
      The aggregate of employer’s contribution to PF and interest earned thereon will be taxable as salary.

      Further, to the extent of the deduction claimed by you under section 80C of the Income-tax Act, 1961, on your own contribution to the recognized PF shall be taxed as salary.

      Also, the interest earned on your own contribution to PF shall be taxed as “income from other sources”. The tax rate would depend on your applicable income slab in each of the FY(s) during which the PF contributions were made. Further, the surcharge (as applicable) and education cess, shall be applicable, for each of the FYs will also be payable in addition to the basic income tax.

      You would be entitled to avail relief under section 89.

      Tax will be deducted at source at 10% if the taxable PF amount is more than Rs. 30,000 and provided the Permanent Account Number (PAN) of the individual is available. If PAN is not available, then tax would be deducted at maximum marginal rate.

      • Anand says:

        Hi thanks for the clarification… My main concern as of now is – if I do not withdrawalw my epf will government divert it to senior citizens welfare fund? I had read in news tat those accounts which are unclaimed for over 7 yrs will be diverted… Since I’ve not contributed for last 4 yrs my acc is unclaimed for 4 years only nd thus will not be touched by govt? Please do clarify this…. I want to withdraw only if the epf is expected to be diverted…

        • bemoneyaware says:

          There is no imminent danger. But you might have to claim your EPF.
          Details of scheme announced are as follows:
          According to a Finance Ministry notification on March 18, deposits, unclaimed for over seven years, of EPF, PPF and small saving schemes such as Post Office Savings Accounts, Post Office Recurring Deposit Accounts and National Savings Certificates subscribers will be diverted towards setting up a Senior Citizens’ Welfare Fund. According to the rules, the concerned government office “shall try to contact” every account holder of the unclaimed deposits through written notice, e-mail or telephone at least two times in 60 days before transferring the amount to the Senior Citizens’ Welfare Fund.

          The EPF board had, earlier this week, rolled back a 2011 decision to stop interest credits on inoperative PF accounts. Now, while such accounts will continue to get interest credits, the entire balance could be lost to the Senior Citizens’ Fund after seven years of inactivity, though it’s not clear how this will be implemented.

          Legal experts are also skeptical. “The rules, notified on March 16, by the Finance Ministry need to be placed before both Houses of the Parliament. Also, there will be no immediate danger (to people’s savings) as the rule says a list of unclaimed inoperative accounts has to be prepared by the ministries concerned by September 30 and prior intimation of at least 60 days is required. Anyway, the EPF Act doesn’t contemplate any diversion of PF dues for other purposes,” said labour law advocate and International Labour Organisation consultant Ramapriya Gopalakrishnan.

  65. Dinkar says:

    Dear Sir

    With my Previous Employer1 I see I have 30000 Rs as Pension Fund (EPS) and I have served 4.5 Years and I am able to manage transfer my PF amount

    With my Previous Employer 2, I see I have 15000 Rs as Pension Fund (EPS) and I have served 3.5 Years and I am able to manage transfer my Pf amount

    With Current Employer 3, I see I have 15000 as Pension Fund (EPS) and I am serving 1.5 Years

    Overall I see 60000 Rs for 9 years of Service Length. Can I withdraw 60 K from EPS without Withdrawing EPF or when can I withdraw this 60K

    Kindly let me know


    • bemoneyaware says:

      You can withdraw from EPS when your combined years of service is less than 10 years. After than you get Scheme Certificate which you need to submit when you turn 58 to withdraw the pension
      You can withdraw EPS from each of the account.

  66. EKANT PURI says:

    Thanks! I was looking for this only… Thanks a lot.

  67. ABHISHEK JAIN says:

    EPF has deducted TDS by mistake from my my final settlement though I have competed my 5 years. Can you please advise how can I get refunded.

  68. hari jakhar says:

    I hari join a firm march-08 and resigen jun-16 and join a new mnc firm june-16 to till now and I transfer my previous pf in new pf no.can I know that I can take benefit of eps scheme complete both service 10+ year.

  69. Abhishek Iyer says:

    Dear Sir,
    I Have Been Working With An Organisation For Last 11 Years. Out Of 11 Years I Have Been Based On A Foreign Location (Singapore) For The Last 5 Years- The Country I Am Currently Based In Doesnt Have Social Security Agreement With India.

    As Per My Contract For Foreign Deputation My EPF Is To Continue In India. My Monthly Basic Salary Is USD 5000/ Month.

    My Question Is – What Should Be My Employers And My Contribution To EPF India ?
    What Basic Salary Should Be Used For Calculation To Determine Contribution.I Have No Salary Component Paid In India – And I Do Not Pay Any Income Tax In India.

    My Contract Has The Following Wording Regarding Pension- \” Company Will Maintain Your Indian Pension Contribution

  70. rishikesh says:

    Dear Sir,

    i am working ad a designer under contract basis.i have doubt in my pf account

    in my EPF account, i downloaded my accounts details. in that it has mentioned employee share , employer share , and pension contribution.

    here the doubt is employee share = employer share + pension contribution ? (or) all amounts are separate amount ?

    kindly clarify my doubt.. please…


  71. jaimin patel says:

    Dear Sir/Madam,

    I have query about Pension Contribution so request you to pls give me clarification of this query.
    What is Pension Contribution.

    Thanks in advance Your response is greatly appreciated.

    Jaimin Patel

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Patel bhai shall try to answer.
      In EPF a part of your salary(12%) gets deducted . Employer pays Rs 1250 (since Oct 2014, before that was Rs 650) for pension fund and rest in EPF.
      When you retire at age of 58(changed from 10 Feb 2016) you can apply to EPS for pension. The pension amount will not be big min of Rs 1000

  72. Pawan says:

    Can i opt out of EPS ? Max pention we can received is approx. 3500 pm which is very low also i am not receiving any interest on EPS amt. So if i can out out of EPS atleast i can earn interest on the that portion same as i earn it on EPF

  73. kavin says:

    when i receive ans for my qus

  74. Payel says:

    Sir, I m leaving my job from a PVT organization after 6 years.Now I m not joining other company and want to withdraw EPS.what is the procedure.I know my UIN.

  75. Tanay says:

    hello sir,

    i am working in a pvt. ltd. company.from my salary pf deducted monthly INR 2400 but my company is not provide me any type of documents related to pf and not monthly pf can i confirm that through my salary deducted amount is originally pf. They have not given me any pf account number.

    please suggest me how can i check my pf balance.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Sad to hear that. The company should provide you with a provident account number.
      In Form 16 issued there should be amount mentioned for PF deduction.
      Talk to your friends and colleagues. Try to get more information whether it is a EPFO trust or not etc.
      You can check for your company or establishment at
      If you find anything foul play straight approach your Regional Provident Fund Office(RPFC) to check and can lodge a complaint if necessary.
      Best of luck. Do keep us updated.

  76. amit jain says:

    my retirement in feb 2018. my present salary is 16000/- p.m. my date of joining in company is 1-7-1980. what is my expected pension? please send calculation sheet with new formula.

  77. Logeshkanna says:

    in my total salary i’m Paying 912 X 02 = INR 1824, when i login into UAN its mentioned Employee share: 912 & Employer Share 279 & Pension Contribution: INR 633.

    So which means Now Company will not pay anything ? for PF ??

    awaiting your commend.

    My Email:

  78. CA says:

    Correct me if I am wrong,I guess the amounts in your examples are not calculated correctly.

    Also, let me know whether PF Admin charges are 0.85% or 1.10% of basic as your table states both.

  79. CA says:

    Request you to publish a similar article ( with definitions and examples) on other employee benefits payables such as ESI, Bonus, Gratuity and Leave Encashment.

  80. Gauri says:

    Recently,one of my friend transferred PF online.In the Passbook the PF fund is reflecting but not the Pension fund.Could,anyone guide in this regard.

  81. Peeyush says:

    I was checking my member passbook in EPF website and not finding interest calculation as per the excel file you have given in your blogs. So need to understand if there is any thing wrong…

    My passbook says…

    OB Int. Updated upto 31/03/2010 Deposit – employee share Rs x, Employer Share Rs Y
    Total Cont from 042010 to 032011 – Deposit – employee share Rs A, Employer share Rs B

    Int. Updated upto 31/03/2011 Deposit – employee share Rs L, employer Share Rs M

    EPF interest rate in 2010-11 was 9.5%

    So this L should be equal to (x+A)*9.5%
    And M should be equal to (Y+B) *9.5%

    But L and M values are less and not as per this calculation…

    Any idea, what is the issue and if this is not correct, then where I can report this for correction ??

    Thanks a lot for your help.

  82. Shadab says:

    Hi ,

    I am going to join new organization from next month and I want to withdraw my EPF amount . So in this case I have to open a new account in new organization or can I use same account ?

    Also my new organization is contributing X amount toward my EPF in that case I have to pay 12 % of my basic salary or It will be X less ?

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Short ans: New organization will get EPFO to generate another member id for you. Your UAN number will not change.
      To withdraw from EPF theoretically one should be unemployed for 2 months and if one withdraws before 5 years one would have to pay tax.
      As EPF is for retirement purpose and to use power of compounding it is strongly recommended that you transfer your EPF rather than withdrawing.

      Lets understand difference between Member ID and UAN from our article UAN or Universal Account Number and Registration of UAN
      What is Member ID?
      Employer submits the EPF(Employee Provident Fund) money to the EPFO (Employee Provident Fund Office) on behalf of the employee. This includes both the employee contribution, employer contribution, Employee Pension scheme. Member Id or Member Identification Numbers is the number given by EPFO to allow the employer to submit EPF money of employee. It’s like Employer opens an EPF account for its employee and contributes to that account every month. Member ID is the account number of employee in the EPFO. When the employee changes the job then the new employer will open a new account number for it’s employee in EPFO. So a new Member ID will be allotted to employee. Member ID is same as PF number earlier. So you would have as many Member ID’s as the number of employers contributing on your behalf to EPFO.

      Member ID or PF Account Number is in the format given below. PF Account Number may not have Extension code. Ex: For someone who works in Bangalore the code can be BG/BNG/012345//789.

      What is Universal account number or UAN?

      The UAN is a 12-digit number allotted to each Employee Provident Fund member by the Employee Provident Fund Organization(EPFO) which gives him control of his EPF account and minimises the role of employer

      How does Member ID differ from UAN number?
      An employee will have one UAN or Universal Account number, which as the name implies will remain the same. It will maintain all your Member Ids. Its like you can have multiple Saving Bank account but all these are tied to your one Permanent Account Number or PAN. So when you change your job and the new employer, if contributing to EPF, gives you a new Member ID. This new Member ID has to be linked to your UAN number.

  83. K.Singh says:

    Hi sir,

    before 2 month government also change EDLI contribution rate, So, please update me about new amendment about EDLI contribution rate. please help me ASAP.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Sir we could not find the new contribution rate. From what we know It is still 0.5%.
      Could you please help us out by telling us where did you get info from?

  84. abhishek says:


    I worked in India until Jun 2011 having less than 5 years of service in India.
    After Jun 2011, I have become NRI and working abroad. Could clarify my below points.

    1. Am I still earning interest on my PF?
    2. Can I withfdraw my EPF and EPS ?
    3. Is there any tax implecation in my case?


    • bemoneyaware says:

      Hope you are getting a great exposure.
      1. 3 years after last contribution in EPF , the account stops earning. After Jun 2014 your EPF account has stopped earning interest.
      2. Yes you can.
      3. Yes it is taxable. Withdrawal of the accumulated balance from a recognized PF is taxable if the employee has not rendered continuous service for five years or more to the employer. While computing the continuous service of five years, the period of previous employment is also included, if the accumulated balance maintained with the old employer is transferred to the PF account of the new employer. We understand that you have rendered service for four years. Assuming that this was your first job or you have not transferred PF balance, if any, from the previous employer, if you withdraw your PF, it shall be taxable in the year of receipt.

  85. Ram, says:

    Hi, I have a query regarding delaying of withdrawal from EPF even after 60 years of age. I find the 8.7% tax free interest for EPF quite attractive for the debt portion of my portfolio. Even if the interest rate goes down in future, it is likely to be market competitive. Is continuing to work and having EPF contributions going the only way to keep the EPF account active and earning interest? Can I work for 3 months every 3 years to keep the EPF account active for ever? I understand that 3 years of no contribution makes the EPF account inactive and interest accrual stops.

  86. Ajit Chougule says:

    please help
    about rec amount Empee share+Empyer Share+Pension fund = rec amount in my account ???
    plz help or SMS 98881035947
    pls do the needful as soon as posible i am waiting for your replay…

    • bemoneyaware says:

      You would receive Employee share+Employer Share+Pension fund +Interest till date of withdrawal on EPF amount(Employee + Employer share).
      TDS will be deducted at the rate of 10 percent if you have withdrawn before 5 years and not submitted form 15G.
      Please note EPF withdrawal before 5 years is taxable.

  87. C CANDAMURTHY says:

    I have joined in my organisation in Mar 2009 and my EPF contribution was collected from me from October 2010 after getting a self declaration from me to deduct the employee share from my salary. In this case is there any difficulty in getting back the claim on resignation/retirement as the date of enrolment Mar 2009 differs from EPF contribution date October 2010.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Date of enrolment in EPF would be considered for EPF purposes. Date of joining compnay would be considered for gratuity purpose

  88. Ravi says:

    I worked in Company1 and quit job after completing 5 years and i got PF settlement.

    Joined company2 and generated with new PF number.
    Kindly can you please clarify whether my Pension fund will be accommodated with the previous EPS account as the PF/EPS number are different.

    Soon I will be joining company3 whether the current EPS will be accommodated with the previous 2 companies EPS.


  89. Vikash says:

    My PF Balance are as follows:

    Employee Share : 15186 Rs/-

    Employer Share: 4651 Rs/-

    Pension contribution: 10518 Rs/-

    I want to know what is Employer share?

    Do my company is taking 4651 Rs/- from me (or) company is giving the amount to me?

    Another question is, I have Pension contribution amount as 10518 Rs/- .

    How much will get for the above pension amount per month?

  90. Gaurav says:


    I’m working in a company. i have some question about my pf and ESIC :
    basic: 10,010.00
    conyenace : 591.00
    supplementry allowance : 800.00
    Gross: 11,401.00

    so please tell me, my employee contribution & employer contribution with details.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      EPF, EPS and EDLIS are calculated on Basic salary,Dearness allowances(DA), cash value of food concession and retaining allowances if any.Most of the organizations follow Basic+ DA Method.
      If you have UAN number you can download UAN passbook to see the exact amount. There are many ways of calculation. According to one way calculation are shown below
      EPF Employees share 10,010 x 12% =1201.2
      EPS Employer share 1250 per month
      EPF employer share 10,010 x 3.67 % or 550.50 Rs
      EDLI charges 10,010 x 0.5%
      EPF Admin charges 10,010 x 1.1%
      EDLI Admin charges 10,010 x 0.01%

  91. Orson says:

    Can we withdraw EPS amount like EPF.
    I have completed 10.5 Yrs of service in my current company.

  92. nice article thanks for sharing with us.








  94. Akshith says:

    I worked at a company for 4 years 5 months, now that i have resigned from that firm and i am having hard time calculating how much EPF amount i will get.
    Below stated are the amount details i received via SMS from EPF website

    EE Amount: 42,598
    ER Amount: 13,146

    I just need a idea about how much i will receive. Please provide a approx amount.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      You would receive EE(Employee Amount) + ER(Emploryer) amount + Interest on these amount +EPS.
      If you have UAN number and activated it you can check the amount in your passbook too.
      Appox amount ~60K for EPF (Employee and Employer) + ~4-5K for EPS
      Please note that as you are withdrawing in less than 5 years of service EPF withdrawal will be taxable.
      We recommend that you transfer your EPF account to your new job!

      • Akshith says:

        Thank You, By means of taxable how much amount i will lose? I am starting my own business and i have submitted forms for withdrawing PF. How many days it will take to process the withdrawal request?

  95. manjula Shrivastava says:

    Mine is a typical may be rare case
    I am a senior citizen 15 Jan 1947 born retired from Central Govt and presently getting pension around 31,000 PM.
    After retirement at the age of 60+, I started Technical consultancy services with the group of retired technical people above 60 years of age all pensioners getting pension more than limit of EPF ie 15000.All consultants were part time ,freelancers and were booked for 4 to 5 days at an average.
    Last month I applied on line to get EPF NO under 1(4) and mentioned effective date of Dec 2007.Unfortunately I got allotted the Number and now being asked to pay all chages wef Dec 2007.I,in the application I have shown ONE Full time employee ie SELF.

    1. Whether people above 60 years of age are eligible for starting PF and pension contribution?
    2. Whether part time freelancer technical consultants working 4-5 days a month at an average and being paid piece meal basis are eligible for PF contribution?
    3. Whether my propitiatory is eligible for EPF Registration?

    Pl advice what to do in the present circumstances?


    Unfortunately while applying ON LINE I have mentioned the date of Applicability Act as 15.12.2007 as a Single full time employee.Whter I can be exepted for paying Contribution due to may age and if all I am to pay how much amount I will be required to pay as administrative charges and Inspection charges etc.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Great to read about you. Good work and keep it up.
      1. There is no bar of any kind for contributing towards other social security schemes run by the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO)–Employees’ Provident Fund Scheme 1952 and Employees’ Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme 1976. For EPS the age limit is 60 years.
      2. Contract employees are eligibly for PF contribution.
      3. You can check webpage on EPF employer registration for more details. We don’t have information on it.

  96. Antony iruduya Raj says:

    Pf amont balance

  97. viky says:

    hi, i want to know the amount which am going to get after re-leaving the job is the sum up of employee share and employer share ?? anyone can help


    please guide me to transfer my pf account to other new pf account which is created by my new company.

  99. vinay says:

    I worked with a company I for 1 year and three months during which I had PF account. Then I was unemployed for 2 months. Then I worked for company II for 4 years and again I had PF account. I got UAN and PF money got transferred from Company I. Now I joined company III, but here there is no PF (less than 20 people). I have following questions.

    1. If I withdraw PF now will it be taxable (because of two months gap in between)?
    2. Is it possible for me keep account alive by paying PF myself? If so how much should I pay? will I get tax benefit for that?
    3. What will happen if I neither withdraw nor I pay myself? Will I get interest for amount already there?

    Could you please guide me?

    • bemoneyaware says:

      1. EPF withdrawal becomes taxable when contribution to it is less than 5 years. You have worked for 1 year three months in 1 company and 4 years.
      2. No you cannot contribute to EPF. It would earn interest for next 3 years and then become dormant.
      3. If you are planning or thinking of moving or after sometime your company may start EPF then don’t withdraw from it.You have 3 years to make a decision.

  100. Raja says:

    I am manpower supplyer , I want to add new employee in epf so pf challan what is needed to fill the service tax. What is the connectivity deposite pf challan & service tax.

  101. Rahul says:

    You have given 3 methods of PF deduction.
    Is it not that as per govt. rules only method-3 is correct?


    Mine is old story which is not able to get the solution for past 10 years. My PF account is KN/BN/19353/762 when I was shifted my job from Bangalore to Chennai by 2006, I had been asked to submit the PF transferring form in my new company (New PF account no: TN/49115/628 till now). After six to eight months i have checked with the present company for transferring the amount, but it has not been done. So i decided to cancel the PF account and filled the cancellation form in bangalore during 2006 december. After a month (2007 Jan) I got letter from Employers provident fund organization Bangalore, saying that my account has already been transfer to TN/49115/628. Actually it was not transferred till now and I was walking Chennai to Bangalore almost 5 to 6 times and got fed up. Finally I have taken all the relevant documents to Bangalore as one of my friend gave suggestion to get Right Act Information about the fund transfer and bank cheque number details. I got the result of saying that your account has been transferred so on so date and due to very old account they could not the trace the cheque details. Now what else I have to do to get my PF amount or due to very old account it might be lapsed? Please give me your valuable suggestion

  103. Birendra says:

    I have the following query.
    An employee who was also an EPF member was fired on some ground by his employer. The employee goes to court and wins the case in his favour after 3 years. Now the employer has to pay his salary for these 3 years. How to sort out EPF account in this case. Or the employer has just to start again from the date of rejoining?
    Please advise

  104. Biswanath Nag says:

    Do I need to open a single account or a joint account for EPS? How will my spouse get pension after me?

  105. Ramandeep says:

    i have employed in a public company. My employer deduct employee’s PF @12% but not deposited in my PF account.
    What is the remedy ?

    Mob 8009-515850

  106. Prasad says:

    Dear All,

    will you please help me..?

    I just want to ask one simple question regarding the new contribution rates of A/c No. 2 & A/c No.22 what are the changes are done by EPFO…?

  107. A Prashanth says:

    Khudos to the author and to Website!!!!

    Nice knowledge i gained here after got throughing about the PF.

  108. Balak Ram says:

    Sir,I am working in reliance communication from Apr 2002 to till date under different private agencies as security assistant.I know about that i eligible for pension because I drawn the PF amount up to 2012.One installment amount for the period May 2008 to May 2012 drawn but balance one installment is pending.As per rule what is the procedure black out by owner company(Reliance Communication)to give the contact different agencies against of employees.

  109. Ravindra Joshi says:

    I want your comments on my typical case. I completed 58 years in Nov 2014.
    My service before EPS 1995, was @ 15 years ( Jan 1981 to Apr 1995 and @ 7 years after EPS 1995 came into existance. I worked on total 3 organizations and PF was trasnferred proerply till last organization, which I left in Mar 2003. In my last organization I had withdrwan my PF, in Nov 2004, since my new organization PF facility is not available.
    Here I received 2 diiferent cheques. One for EPF and other for an amount Rs 49010/-.
    My query is about the second amount Rs. 49010-
    (I think this is as per Table D. For 7 years service after 1995 till 2003 = 7.54*6500 = 49010.0.

    Now my question is how they(PF Office) allowed me withdrawal benfit evenif my service was @ 22 years in 2003? As per rule, withdrawal benefit is only avaialble if total service is less than 10 years. They should have issued my Schee Certificate. I want to claim for pension. Is it possibel now?

  110. Sandeepkumar R.Shah says:

    I had worked 5 years & contributed in PF for 5 years. but after I had left the job till 6 years Now I am doing Job. I had not withdrawn the P.F. So Can I Transfer my PF to new a/c. My total working year how to calculates by PF department

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Sir yes you can transfer PF to new account.
      Now do you have the UAN number? If so you can request online for transfer of PF.
      Calculation of number of working years in PF = Number of years for PF contribution in Job 1+ Number of years for PF contribution in Job 2

  111. Saurabh says:


    I resigned from company who is having its own trust.In my payslip there are two different number ie PF no and EPS number.
    When I am going for online transfer,company has suggested me to put EPS number and not PF number.
    And also if i put PF number for online transfer,it shows some other name while when I give EPS number than it shows my details.Any idea about this discrepancy.
    I want to know that for this particular case only pension amount will get transferred and not the pf amount.Please confirm.

    Appreciate any help on the above.

  112. Manvinder kaur says:

    Hi, I need to confirm as I joined a company on 29th may 2006 and need to know if I leave my company on 3 sep do I get my PF contribution , employeer contribution as well as pention fund amount ? Bec I am leaving my job before 9.5 year

    • bemoneyaware says:

      You would get both Employer and Employee contribution for EPF part without any tax liability i.e no TDS will be deducted and no tax on amount withdrawn.
      For EPS part you can get your EPS amount.
      But we would request you to transfer your EPF account rather than withdraw. EPF is for retirement

  113. ashfaq says:

    Great. I was searching about this and found correct and very clear article.
    I shared it with my friends

  114. Krishna says:

    Hi Thanks for the article,

    I have several questions please kindly help me on the same.

    1. I can check my PF balance via SMS or epfo website. But How do I check the EPS balance.

    2. Every time I login to the epfo portal I am unable to download the pass book. Why is this happening.

    Kindly help on the above questions.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      EPS balance can only be seen by downloading the passbook.
      What error message are you getting?
      Do you have UAN? If yes then download passbook through UAN website.

  115. Sudipto says:


    The article is very informative. Thank you.

    My question is on the EPS. Lets say a person has accumulated Rs. 10,00,000 in his EPS account on retirement at 58. He gets his pension with the formula you mentioned. But what happens to the Rs. 10,00,000 corpus? Does the person’s family get back the corpus on the person’s death?

    Thanks in advance,

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Sir in Pension scheme there is no return of corpus.
      You would never be able to get 10 lakh in EPS amount.

      So if one works for 40 years assuming you start at 18 and work till 58
      assuming Rs 541 you would have contributed 259680 (541*12*40)
      Assuming 1250 you would have contributed 600000 (1250* 12 * 40)

      A superannuation pension shall be granted to a Government servant who is retired on his attaining the age of 60 years. Till he lives

      From 1 Sep 2014 The minimum monthly pension for widows has been fixed at Rs 1,000 and for children at Rs 250 per month. Similarly the minimum pension entitlement for orphans has been fixed at Rs 750 per month.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Example of pension calculation from
      Name of the Government Servant : R. MALAKONDAIAH
      22. Designation : PCC
      23. Scale of the post last held : Rs.5200-20200+1800 G.P.)
      24. Date of Birth (dd/mm/yyyy) : 01/07/1950
      25. Date of entry into Government Service
      : 01/10/1982 F.N.
      26. Date of ending service (dd/mm/yyyy) : 30/06/2010 AN
      27. Total length of Gross Service (yy,mm,dd) : 27, 09, 00
      28. (i) Total length of non-qualifying service (yy,mm,dd) : 00, 00, 00
      (ii) Total length of addl qualifying service (yy,mm,dd) : 00, 00, 00
      29. (i) Total length of Qualifying Service (yy,mm,dd) : 27, 09, 00
      (ii) Qualifying Service in half years : 56
      30. Emoluments drawn during 10 month period and
      those reckoned for calculation of Average
      Pay From Pay Upto Pay in the Pay Band+GP
      01/09/2007 30/06/2008 9560.00
      01/11/2009 31/05/2010 8140
      31. Emoluments for Pension : Rs.9560.00
      32. Emoluments for Family Pension : Rs.9560.00
      33. Emoluments for Retirement Gratuity : Rs.12906 (DA 35%, Rs.3346)
      34. a) Amount of Service Gratuity : N.A. Calculation of DCRG is as follows:-
      b) Amount of Retirement Gratuity
      (subject to max. of Rs.10,00,000/-)
      : Rs.180684 Emoluments for DCRGx 41
      35. Details of deductions/ adjustments on account of
      Withheld amount : 18068
      Total : 1000.00
      NET GRATUITY PAYABLE : 25634.00
      36. Details of Pension:-
      a. Amount of monthly Pension before commutation : 4780
      b. Class of Pension : SUPERANNUATION
      c. Date of commencement of Pension
      : 01/07/2008 Calculation of pension is as follows:-
      d. Percentage/ amount of Pension commuted : 40%, Rs.1912
      e. Commuted value : Rs.188003
      f. Commuted value payable : Rs.58899.00
      g. Reduced monthly Pension after commutation : Rs.2868
      h. Restoration of commuted portion of Pension : On completion of 15 years of commencement of
      reduced monthly pension after commutation.
      37. Medical Allowance : Rs.100.00 p.m. (Revised to Rs. 300 w.e.f. P.M.)
      38. Details of Family/ Nominee:-
      Name Relationship with
      the Govt. servant
      Date of Birth
      (for children)
      Family pensioner?
      39. Amount of Family Pension
      a. at Enhanced Rate : Rs.4780 UPTO 30/06/2017
      b. at Normal Rate : Rs.3,500w.e.f. 01/07/2017

  116. Prem says:

    I served in the company from Dec. 2006 to Jan. 2010 and withdraw P.F in Nov. 2014. The EPFO is not calculating interest in the year 2013-14 and 2014-15 and no response received. What I do?

    2. The pension contribution deposited Rs. 541 per month from Dec. 2006 to Jan. 2010. Please calculate the amount that will be received.


  117. ashutosh says:

    Employees earning above 15K basic pay can opt out of EPF? Is my understanding correct? What is the procedure. Employer by default open PF account.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      You can even opt out of EPF

      Yes, EPF is not mandatory for an employee. It is only mandatory for the employer to provide this option to the employees upon meeting certain criteria. However, if you feel you do not want to be part of this saving scheme, you can definitely opt out of this.

      If he fulfills the condition in form 11 – that is he has starting salary of over 15,000 basic + da and he does not have any existing pf account! he can opt out of pf.

      However, he can not ask the company to pay him the employers contribution to him

      • ashutosh says:

        How we can challenged this law and ensure that is completely optional. Why only salary class suffers.

        I just created this. How we can start a movement against this. Only employee part he can opt out not the employers. Only when he is joining new company and earning above 45K(assuming some non fixed salary) and not opening a new PF account with the employer. During his tenure he cannot opt out.

        How Many of us Know that contribution to EPF is optional?
        If that was the case why employer did not ask whether we want to have PF or nor Not? In my career, no employer has asked or informed this.
        I was only aware it is tax free while contributing and interest is tax free and we can withdraw after five continuous years of service and that amount is also tax free. Eligibility you need to remain unemployed for two months. Also during settlement, whether they pay the interest for the quarter/half/three-fourth of the year? Whether they provide us the calculation arrived during settlement. They have improved and now we can check the balance at “””. our contribution, interest, pension Contribution and transferred contribution, interest. But it still do not show the transferred pension Contribution. Also we cannot withdraw after 50 years of age. So, we should get unemployed for 2-3 months before that and withdraw our money.
        Did anybody explain us how the money will come back to us. No employer has ever educated this. As per my knowledge, we can withdraw 1/3 at retirement and remaining will be added to the PENSION amount Kitty including our contributions to PENSION Scheme amount. But nobody explained the calculation based on which we will get pension and till when. In our absence, to wife and on her death any amount remained(like annuity products) will be given to the children.

        New Changes:
        1. PF will invest in stock market 5-15%. My View: Looks fine if they make money. But people will question when they lose money. Are they prepared for it? Or they will wait until it is question as a SCAM by the opposition? We might have a scenario just like what we had in china, a month back. Advice, it should remain as it has been earlier. Pure DEBT product. Otherwise just have no PF and keep NPS where customers(Citizens) decide where their money should be(equity, debt etc).
        2. The government is looking to cap premature provident fund withdrawals at 75 per cent for EPFO subscribers at any given time till the age of 58.My View: Did they cover the scenario where individual remain in foreign country, great depression kind of scenario, people remain unemployed for more than 3-6 months. Not sure about his/her survival till 58 or so due to financial instability or medical emergency or any other need. After all it is his/her money. I feel this is just not looking good at all.

        Suggestion to government that they should ensure we have products for different types of customers and they should only induce citizens by giving tax sops and nothing more than that.

      • Robert says:

        In case I opt out of epfo, my employer will not give me the employer contribution, but will my employer contribute his portion to my pf account or will it be enjoyed by the company ?

        • bemoneyaware says:

          You can’t opt out of EPF if you have contributed once as it’s as per government policy. It comes in package – employers + employee

          • Robert says:

            No I am asking in the case when I have never contributed. I am joining a new company. I don’t want to contribute employee’s share to EPF. But I want the employer to contribute Employer’s share to EPF, EPS etc not to me but to the EPFO. My basic is well above 15k
            Is this possible ?

          • bemoneyaware says:

            No it’s either both or none. You cannot choose to let employer contribute to EPF and you not.

  118. Gaurav Bhardwaj says:

    How to calculate PF in the case of Half Day Absent.
    If i have taken half day absent, how will PF calculation done for PF contribution.
    and how will it come in ECR.

  119. Sandeep Kumar Agrawal says:

    I have a question:

    I have worked on Company A from March 2006 to October 2008.
    Then I shifted my job and worked on Company B from November 2008 to November 2011.
    Then I shifted again to Company C and working there since November 2011.

    Both my PF A/Cs in Company A and Company B remained unoperative until April 2015 as I did not transferred the balance in my old PF Accounts to the new Accounts.

    I have initiated and get the balance transferred from PF A/Cs of Company A and Company B to Company C in April 2015 and the transfer has already been done and the balance is now reflecting in my New PF A/C.

    However, the EPFO did not pay any interest on the amount accumulated on my PF A/Cs in Company A and Company B.

    So, my question is:
    1) Do I entitle to get the interest for the three years even though the balance transfer from old PF to new PF account is initiated after three year (as in my case)?

    2) If yes, what I need to do to get the interest from the EPFO.


  120. Amith says:

    Good article… but link is broken

  121. Sanjeev says:


    In last Financial Year , I withdrew my PF amount in full (after resignation from that Co. ) before 03 yrs of continuous service & the PF amt. was more than 30,000/- (PF amt- 3.28 L + amt of 12758/- in total against Family pension). I want to know whether PF withdrawn in last financial year-(recd in Nov. 2014) is taxable ( PAN no. informed already to EPFO) . In case , PF withdrawn in last financial year (2014-15) is taxable , whether the EPFO has already released the amt . after deduction of Tax Or we have to do self assessment & declare the same in ITR.

    In case we have to declare the PF amt. in ITR — under which head we shall mention the same. Further , pls. also intimate if full amt. of PF withdrawn will be taxable which includes the Employee portion as well as Employer portion & interest accrued on that. How to calculate Tax on That. If we donot have teh PF Statements for all the years , how can we calculate the Emplyee & Employer contribution & interest theron.

    Even if it is exempt from tax for last financial year, do we have to declare the same under any head while filing ITR just for reporting purpose but not to be taxed.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      When the PF amount is withdrawn before five years of continuous service, it is be taxable in the hands of the individual as if the fund was not recognised from the start of the contributions.Provident Fund would be treated as an Unrecognised Fund from the beginning.

      The employer’s contribution and interest, thereon, would be fully taxable as as profits in lieu of salary or ‘salary income’ in the hands of the individual.
      The employee’s contribution would be taxable to the extent of deduction claimed under Section 80C, if any, under the Income-tax Act,1961 and
      The interest earned on employee’s total contributions would be taxable as ‘income from other sources’ in the hands of the employee.
      It is explained in our article Tax on EPF withdrawal

  122. Can a present company transfer an employees previous pf amount to current current company Using by UAN number. If so or if not….. what are the procedures at present I would like to know. If a present employer can transfer easily of an employees previous PF amount to their current company…… Can they present company transfer the amount without any consent of previous company ?

  123. Suresh Muke says:

    Can you explain us about – Employees’ Deposit-Linked Insurance Scheme, 1976

  124. Rahul v. Rokade says:

    Thank u for this information.It is guidline to me. but i get confused at following amount…of Rs. 6501/- , is it Rs. 15001/-….pls convey

    “Employees drawing basic salary upto Rs 15000(From Sep 1 2014 salary limit has been increased to Rs 15,000 before it was Rs 6500) have to compulsory contribute to the Provident fund and employees drawing above

    Rs 6501/- (This is confusing amount)

    have an option to become member of the Provident Fund.”

    ur sincerely

    Rahul v. Rokade

  125. EPF India says:


    I want to ask you that if for example i am working in “a” organization and join “b” organization, in that case do i need to close PF Account from A organization and open new PF account on the name of B organization?

    • bemoneyaware says:

      You would get a new PF number or Member ID . You transfer EPF from a organization to b organization.
      As explained in our article FAQ on UAN number and Change of Job
      PF number now called Member ID is linked with Employer. UAN number is linked with an employee
      Employer submits the EPF(Employee Provident Fund) money to the EPFO (Employee Provident Fund Office) on behalf of the employee. This includes both the employee contribution, employer contribution, Employee Pension scheme. Member Id or Member Identification Numbers is the number given by EPFO to allow the employer to submit EPF money of employee. It’s like Employer opens an EPF account for its employee and contributes to that account every month. Member ID is the account number of employee in the EPFO. When the employee changes the job then the new employer will open a new account number for it’s employee in EPFO. So a new Member ID will be allotted to employee. Member ID is same as PF number earlier. So you would have as many Member ID’s as the number of employers contributing on your behalf to EPFO.

      Member ID or PF Account Number is in the format given below. PF Account Number may not have Extension code. Ex: For someone who works in Bangalore the code can be BG/BNG/012345//789.

      EPFO Office Code/Establishment Code(Max. 7 Digits)/Extension(Max. 3 digits)/Account Number (Max 7 digit)

      How does Member ID differ from UAN number?

      An employee will have one UAN or Universal Account number, which as the name implies will remain the same. It will maintain all your Member Ids. Its like you can have multiple Saving Bank account but all these are tied to your one Permanent Account Number or PAN. So when you change your job and the new employer, if contributing to EPF, gives you a new Member ID. This new Member ID has to be linked to your UAN number.

  126. Perose Khan H says:

    Hi Sir,

    This is perose. I have tranferred my previous organisation PF and its successfully transferred but my pension is not transferred. Whether pension will be transfer as money or it will be transfer as service (No Of years)? Please clarify

    Note: I have around 5 years of experience, recently current organisation enrolled me in UAN.

    Thanks in advance

  127. amar singh says:

    sir main army se retired hun or bijli vibhag men contrect base par 3 saal se hun.meri age 50 year hai. pay 9400 hai jisme Employee Share 1128,Employer Share 345 or /Pension Contribution 783 debit hota hai. mujhe pension kab or kitni milegi.please help me.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Sir aap aapni EPS pension Pension calculator se calculate ka sakte hain.
      The maximum amount of pension as per the Pension formula would be = (6500 * 35)/70 = Rs 3,250 per month or Rs. 39,000(3250 * 12) per year.

      Pension depends on your contribution to Pension Fund and your service. You may be drawing very high salary, but your contribution to Pension Fund will be only Rs. 541 and and after Oct 2014 Rs 1250 max. This is because, as per EPF scheme, employer has to remit 8.33% of actual salary or of Rs. 6500 or 15,000 whichever is minimum. If your contribution in terms of amount or number of years is less, your pension will be less.

  128. Sunil says:

    I have lost password of UAN account and also lost registered mobile number.

    Is there any way to recover password or register new number for UAN account?

  129. Ranganath K says:

    Sir, I am running in 50 years age, but still i am not completed 50 years age. As am I eligible for applying pension. My total service has completed 23 years & my working organisation has been closed.

  130. tanuja says:

    my name is tanuja? already cutting inmy account epf? are u eligable to atul pendion youjana? please clarifications? details? to the answer?


    I have done transferred my PF from previous employer to present employer, In the detailed passbook Employee and employer share transferred to my new PF account, But pension fund in showing 0.
    Please suggest me regarding pension fund that is accumulate in my previous employer and by which method I can get?

    • bemoneyaware says:

      There is confusion about pension fund. Theoretically it should be transferred along with your EPF . But it’s not happening.
      If you have less than 9.5 years of service you can withdraw EPS by filling form 10C. It is not online.
      If you have more than 9.5 years of service you will get scheme certificate which you will use later to claim pension from EPS.
      Our article Withdrawal or Transfer of Employee Provident Fund explains it in detail

  132. Provident is one of the most successful small saving scheme meant for retirement planning of employees. EPF mandates employers to contribute equivalent contribution to that of employees for their benefit.

  133. Mohit says:

    I am confused at your example of someone starting with a basic salary of 20000. If his basic salary is 20000, he is not supposed to be covered under PF scheme. Why would his employer deduct PF in the first place??

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Mohit any one upto 15,000 of income is compulsorily under EPF. Above income of 15,000 one may or may not go. Usually people go. People with basic salary of 50,000 or 1 lakh are also members of EPF.
      Why the doubt on Rs 20,000

  134. praveen says:

    Great article and sincere follow up to various questions from the users.
    Hats off to you.

    Got one question:
    a) Will there be difference in the amount of pension received and when the pension amount is received between these 4 pension schemes?
    b) I guess a person will be applicable to receive only any one of these pensions depending on total years of service and retirement age. Please confirm.
    c) Person will start receiving the pension only after the age of 58 or after 50 (after deduction of 4% mention in your article). Please confirm.

    1) Superannuation Pension:Member who has rendered eligible service of 20 years and retires on attaining the age of 58 years.
    2) Retiring Pension:member who has rendered eligible service of 20 years and retires or otherwise ceases to be in employment before attaining the age of 58 years.
    3) Permanent Total Disablement Pension
    4) Short service Pension: Member has to render eligible service of 10 years and more but less than 20 years.

  135. shubham kale says:

    Directors of private limited company who are getting salary or remuneration
    should company deduct the pf from their salary or remuneration,what is the meaning of employees in employees provident fund act are the directors of company covered under this defination

  136. Can i withdraw a money EPF any time i want…..?

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Yes and No Sir.
      The purpose of EPF is to save for your retirement
      You can take get money from EPF if you have valid reason like buying house or you are unemployed for 2 months after leaving the job.
      You can transfer it any time

  137. Manas says:


    My company is cutting money for EPS(8.33%) fro salary.
    My query here is if I leave the company before 5 year service then will I get my EPS money back or not?
    If yes then how can I get?

    Thank you.

    • bemoneyaware says:

      Yes you will get your EPS money. Either you can get it transferred or withdraw it. Form 19 used to be filled to withdraw EPS.
      Do you have UAN number? Incase you join a new job it would not be possible to withdraw,

      • Kalpit Mhatre says:

        I heard that the minimum amount of 6500/- is changed to 15000/-. Is it true ? Also there are updates that now employee wont be getting interest if he withdraws PF before certain period and so they have introduced UAN No. Can you please help us to update.

  138. seetharama raju k says:

    sir/madam, can i withdraw my pension fund amount with interest. My age 47 years. Service completed 18 years. Thank you.

  139. Ramesh says:

    Need help to clarify couple of queries. Currently i am working in an organization since last 8 Year (Joined the organization in June 2007). I have UAN number and login detail. I have downloaded my passbok and having couple of queries as following:-
    1. Since I joined the organization in June 2007, buy my passbok showing the starting entry with
    OB Int. Updated upto 31/03/2010 and then next months of 2010 and subsequent Years (up to date-April 2015), Why previous months/year (before 31/03/2010 not showing in passbook
    2. I noticed interest for Pension contribution not calculated by Gov.? Why ?
    3. I also noticed Pension contribution changed from Rupees 541 to almost double starting 2014
    4. Before this organization, I worked on four other organizations. I have PF number of all previous organizations except one. How I can transfer all amount to this new PF (UAN numer ) and where i need to contact. It will be great help if there is contact number for same. ( I worked in Delhi and Bangalore organization)
    5. Finally, if I want to withdraw the amount for home construction/emergency purpose ?

  140. Ramesh says:

    Really very informative…It cleared lot of doubts

  141. susmitha says:

    i served in an institution four years and resigned .i got my EPF settled ,
    my EPF balance shown was EE amount as rupees 39677 and ER amount as 12149. .But after settlement I got Rs 78139.I cannot understand this calculation.
    please help min calculation

  142. Parshav says:

    What is best to withdraw PF amount or to transfer??
    the interest i earn over my PF amount will it be taxable??
    Who’s responsibility to update PF account no update in UAN?

  143. I want to withdraw only EPS amount and tranfer EPF ampount.
    Is it possible and how…?

    • Kirti says:

      You can apply for withdrawing EPF only if you are not employed for two months after leaving the previous job. It is recommended to transfer EPF account at the time of joining a new company instead of withdrawing it as EPF forms the debt part of your portfolio and gives good tax-free returns.

      For EPS, if the service period is less than 10 years, you have an option to either withdraw your corpus or get it transferred by obtaining a ‘scheme certificate’, if there is a break in service. This way the number of years of service that you have put in gets transferred to the new account that you open in the new organisation.

  144. Biswanath Roy says:

    will you please tell me that where the accumulated money goes in EPF, which i had contributed throughout my service period for pension scheme, after death of mine & my wife?

    In “Atal Pension Yojana” they returned the 8.5 lakh money to the nominee after death of the pensioner & his/her spouse who would getting the Rs. 5000 as pension.

    • Kirti says:

      Sir Good question Sir.
      The money goes into a fund managed by the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation or EPFO , which comes under the labour ministry. The government allows employers to manage own provident fund schemes, provided they adhere to certain conditions.
      The private trusts have to seek separate approval from the Income Tax Department for tax benefits on employees’ contribution to the fund.

      Where your money is invested: till Apr 2015 .Only in fixed-income securities. Investment in equities is not allowed. The securities where your money can be invested are central and state government bonds, bonds issued by public sector companies, fixed deposits of public sector banks and mutual fund schemes that invest in government securities.
      Going forward:
      According to the investment pattern for 2013, the EPFO could invest up to 55 per cent in government securities, up to 55 per cent in debt securities and term deposits of banks, and up to five per cent in money market instruments. The new pattern will allow the organisation to park 45-50 per cent of its funds in government securities, 35-45 per cent in debt securities and term deposits of banks, up to five per cent in money market instruments, 5-15 per cent in equity and related instruments and five per cent in asset-backed securities and units of infrastructure investment trusts.
      For more details one can refer to Business Standard article EPFO may invest up to Rs 90,000 cr in equities

  145. ARUN SHARMA says:

    What happens… When an employee joins a new company and transefer his PF balance from his/ her EPF Account.
    1. Does his/ her EPS balance also automatically transefer in another EPS Account? Or, Do we need to transefer the EPS balance separately? If yes, what will be the procedure??
    2. Does his/ her Account with EPS remains same, and his/ her EPS deductions continues to increase the previous EPS balance in the same former EPS Account?

    • Kirti says:

      Good question Sir.
      Earlier before UAN to claim EPS one had to fill separate form. now with online transfer of EPF it seems that EPS is also getting transferred.
      We are trying to find more about it and shall update as soon as we have information.
      EPS contribution would remain same Rs 1250 per month of Rs 15,000 per year from Oct 2014. This contribution limit is set by EPFO

  146. ARUN SHARMA says:


    Ofcource this knowledge is helpful, but I think there’re many changes have been made in last few year, which needs to be updated with this sharing.

    I have a “question???”.

    What will be….
    If an employee leaves an organisation, and withdraws all amount from EPF, at the same time he/ she joins a new company, and start contributing in different EPF & EPS accounts opened by new company.

    1. Can he/ she withdraw or transefer balances from his/ her former EPS Account?
    2. If yes, so is there any specific age or time of service which must be completed for being eligible to do so?
    3. Will he/ she get interest on that amount balance with EPS? If yes, so what will be the interest rate?
    4. What will be the procedure to withdraw or transefer balances from EPS Account?

    • Kirti says:

      Yes Sir we shall update this post ASAP.

      Sir now with UAN number it would be difficult for one to withdraw from the EPF account if one is working. Transfer would be the only option.
      EPS would also get transferred (looking for confirmation on that)
      EPS does not earn interest.
      Earlier Form 19 used to be filled to withdraw EPS.

  147. Ritika says:

    As we all know that PF ceiling limit has been increased to 15000 from 6500, I just want to confirm that what all components 15000 includes.
    As before we used to deduct pf on basic+DA so is it same or not.

    • Kirti says:

      PF limit has been increased but calculations remain same.
      Covered in depth in our article What are EPF,Pension and Insurance Changes from1 Sep 2014
      Now an employee with monthly salary above Rs 6,500 but up to Rs 15,000 will also be covered under the three schemes. Unlike PF and insurance scheme, voluntary membership is not available under the pension scheme for an employee with monthly salary of above Rs 15,000.

      The government has also fixed monthly pension benefit at Rs 1,000 for the financial year 2014-15 . Those who started job after 1 Sep 2014 and earning more than 15,000 Rs in basic and DA will not be contributing to the Pension scheme.

  148. Bhuvaneswari P says:

    Hi Sir,

    Pls clarify me on the below :

    how should NCP be shown in the following case :
    1) if a person is drawing 25,000/- p.m and is contbn is 1800/- pm. If due to 3 days lop his salary gets reduced to 22500/- (25000/30*3days), does his contbn remains same @ 1800/- or shud 15000/- ceiling and 1800/- contbn be reduced proportionately????

    2 ) if there will not be any change in 15000/- ceiling and 1800/- contbn, shud NCP be shown ?

  149. M.D.AHUJA says:


  150. Michael Adackapara says:

    I worked as a Professor in Mumbai from 1970 to 1974. I know provident fund contributions were made at that time. I did not get a Provident Fund account number. Then I migrated to the US and I want to know if I am eligible to get any of the provident fund contributions I made during my four years of employment in Mumbai. I went back to the college where I worked and they were not very helpful. They could not provide me with my Provident Fund account number.

  151. Rahul says:


    Very Helpful post indeed!

    Could you kindly help me out in my situation?

    I recently joined my second job, after a break of two years for studies after my first job.

    I got my PF statement from my previous employer, that shows my EPF amount, wherein the employer’s contribution to PF stands at my contribution minus 541, hence proving the 541 amount went to EPS.

    Now when I checked for EPF balance at EPFO website, that also shows the EPF amount, and not the full amount including EPS.

    My query is, where can I check my EPS balance, and get it transferred to my new account or alternatively withdrawn?


    • Kirti says:

      Hi Rahul,
      Congratulations on your new Job.
      You can transfer your old PF account to the new one. Do you have a UAN number?
      You can transfer your old PF account to new one through:
      UAN : Earlier, transferring EPF account from one employer account to another was a tedious process. But the UAN will do away with the need to transfer your funds at all. All you have to do is furnish your UAN and KYC details to new employer. Once the new employer verifies these details, the money from the older account will get transferred to the new account. But for old accounts (opened before the allotment of UAN), you still need to apply for funds transfer either in digital or physical form. Our article UAN or Universal Account Number and Registration of UAN explains about UAN
      OTCP: EPFO launched its Online Transfer Claim Portal (OTCP) on Oct 2, 2013 to ensure timely transfer of EPF account from one employer to another when an employee changes job. Our article Transfer EPF account online : OTCP explains process in detail.

  152. Saurabh says:


    Do we have any medium in place where we can check our EPS Balances?

  153. shankar bhat says:

    Dear Sirs
    Can you please let me know if employees working in Temples / Religious places are covered under the PF Act. In their case also should they be more than 20 employees or if there are lesser number also they will be covered under the PF rules?

    Thanks in advance.

  154. Umesh says:

    I’ve been working for 2 years, I will be resigning to pursue my higher studies. When I withdraw my PF will I get both EPF and EPS?


    • Kirti says:

      Yes Umesh. You would get both EPF and EPS but it would be taxable.
      When the PF amount is withdrawn before five years of continuous service, it is be taxable in the hands of the individual as if the fund was not recognised from the start of the contributions.Provident Fund would be treated as an Unrecognised Fund from the beginning.

      If you are planning to join back after higher studies then you can leave your money in PF. For 3 years it would earn interest.
      Best of Luck for higher studies

  155. Anil says:

    An employee resigned from our company on 27Feb2015, but we are making his FFS on 10Apr’15 we are making his date of exit from PF is on 10Apr’15. But 27Feb’15 to 10Apr15 during this period his date of joining in the new employer is 25Mar’15. During his PF A/c transfer there will be clash of date of leaving from previous employer is 10Apr’15 and date of joining is 25Mar’15. How to tackle this?

    • Kirti says:

      Anil some questions that I have are:
      What was the last working day of the employee?
      Did the employee serve the notice period after date of resigning?
      Till when did the company contribute to EPF – Feb or also Mar
      Typically HR has to clear off the settlement within two weeks of date of leaving the company.

  156. Jayeshkumar Shah says:

    I started my pension at age of 50 years with reduction. There was a notification to pay minimum Rs.1000 pension to every pensioners. I was receiving Rs.835 per month. I was not paid Rs.1000 as minimum amount. What should I do? Is there any application or form to be filled out for it? Is this due my early started pension at reduced rate?
    Thank you for your help.

  157. Prakash G R says:


    If company consider total basic salary above the limit fixed 6500.00 for PF calculation. Employer has decided to contribute on total basic salary which is 12 % on 7500.00 equal to 900.00. EPS Share is fixed to 541. Balance (900-541) goes to EPF account 359.00. You may be thinking that, what about 3.67%?, Here you don’t need to care about it.

    Contribution Towards Calculation Amount
    EPF Employees share 7500 x 12% 900
    EPS Employer share 6500 x 8.33% 541
    EPF employer share 7500 x 12% (-) 541 359
    EDLI charges 7500 x 0.5% 38
    EPF Admin charges 7500 x 1.1% 83
    EDLI Admin charges 7500 x 0.01% 0.75 ( Round up to Rs 1/-)

    In this contribution I have one doubt about EDLI contribution. always EDLI contribution will be calculated EPS basic salary (6500/-). but hear calculated on earned Basic Salary (7500/-).

    Please explain me why we should calculate by earned basic salary (7500/-)

  158. Inderjeet says:


    Please help in my EPS case. My date of joining is 01.04.2014 & date of leaving job is 31.12.2014. My monthly contrybution is Rs.541/- for EPS. But when I am withdrawn my EPS amount I got only RS.3876/- instead of Rs.4869/-. I know that there is Table “D” formulate the amount, but still amount is not matched. Sir, Can you explain me the calculation. My basic salary is 6500/-.

  159. Rama Rao says:

    While explaining Employee Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme (EDLIS), the author made a statement “usually employers opt out of the EDLI scheme by going for group insurance scheme which usually provides higher coverage to employees without any increase in cost to the employer”. This may be misleading. I observed that in a specific case, group insurance scheme with an Insurance Company costed the employer around Rs.30,00,000 for about 1000 employees whereas 0.5 percent of basic wage subject to the prescribed max. limit was just around Rs.5,00,000. The statement that opting out from EDLI and going for a group insurance scheme doesn’t involve any increase in cost to the employer.

    • Rama Rao says:

      is not correct.

    • Kirti says:

      Thanks for input Sir. In the article we have mentioned that usually employers opt out of the EDLI scheme by going for group insurance scheme which usually provides higher coverage to employees without any increase in cost to the employer. But it may not always be the case.
      Sir have you come across a situation when in spite of higher cost Employer moved to Group Insurance

  160. s. k. jain says:

    I have started getting monthly pension under EPS. Let me know if this is taxable and if so under what head?

    It does not fall under the definition of salary as it is not being paid by employer. It does not fall under the definition of pension as it is not paid by employer. It doesn fall under family pension as I am receiving it directly. It seems more like annuity payment from a super annuation fund which is tax exempt.

  161. shweta pandey says:

    thanks and very much thanks for all information this website so Am Relay get knowledge this side So thanks Again …….

  162. Anshul says:


    Thanks for writing this article. A lot of really useful information.

    One question: The EPF account balance that we receive from the EPFO website (through SMS), does it include details of Employer’s contribution to the Pension Scheme as well?

    If not, is there a way for me to find out the Pension Scheme fund balance.

    Thanks again,

  163. Yash says:


    I got the PF account details from SMS, but had a question does the EE and ER portion also include interest earned? As in my case, it seems to only show the principal me and my employer have contributed.

  164. PP says:


    Thanks for the detailed information you provided on the topic! It clearly reflects how much effort you must have put in obtaining all the info.

    After reading this article, when I checked the salary deduction practice at my father’s business, I was surprised to find that for last 3 years, for 3-4 of his employees with salaries over 6500, 8.33% of their salary was getting put in their EPS account even if it was much more than 541! 1.67% was put in their EPF accounts.

    This incorrect practice went on for last 3 years at our end, but surprisingly there were no checks/corrections from the PF office, who went on putting over Rs. 541 in employees’ accounts month after month (which otherwise should have gone in their EPF A/c). It is hard to believe that their software didn’t throw any red flags to prevent such a blunder.

    So I went to the regional PF office and brought the issue to their attention. They agreed it should not have happened but said now nothing can be done since the accounting for those financial years is already complete! I’m not sure if there is a way to make them go back and make corrections.

    Also, you mentioned that typical employer contribution is 12%, while for some industries (like beedi, jute, etc.) it is 10%. My father has a pharma-related business and he has been contributing 10%. Is it there a clear-cut mentioning anywhere stating if it should be 10% or 12% or on your choice?

    • admin says:

      Thanks Pratham. Thanks for sharing the details of how you went to regional EPF office. It would help others too.
      No it is not a choice of 10% or 12%. As per EPF website there are specific cases for 10% deduction. Hope it helps. Quoting from it:

      As per amendment-dated 22.9.1997 in the Act, both the employees and employer contribute to the fund at the rate of 12% of the basic wages, dearness allowance and retaining allowance, if any, payable to employees per month. The rate of contribution is 10% in the case of following establishments:

      Any covered establishment with less then 20 employees, for establishments cover prior to 22.9.97.

      Any sick industrial company as defined in clause (O) of Sub-Section (1) of Section 3 of the Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act, 1985 and which has been declared as such by the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction,

      Any establishment which has at the end of any financial year accumulated losses equal to or exceeding its entire net worth and

      Any establishment engaged in manufacturing of (a) jute (b) Breed (d) coir and (e) Guar gum Industries/ Factories. The contribution under the Employees’ Provident Fund Scheme by the employee and employer will be as under with effect from 22.9.1997.

      • analyst says:

        Thanks for directing to the appropriate source. Its good to know the exact underlying rule regarding 10%/12%, because up till now I was getting all uncertain, unreliable answers to my inquiry. This again underlines the great job you guys are doing!

        • admin says:

          Thanks Pratham for your encouraging words. Infact we started this blog because we also found incomplete info and decided to fill the void.

  165. MALLI says:

    very useful

  166. Voluntary Provident Fund, Difference between EPF and PPF « Be Money Aware Blog says:

    […] Public Provident Fund(PPF). This is continuation of our earlier posts on Employee Provident Fund Basics of Employee Provident Fund: EPF, EPS, EDLIS, Withdrawal or Transfer of Employee Provident Fund. For employees who are covered under PF, […]

  167. JaiKumar says:

    Hi Thank you for very clear and Nice post.

    One clarification, in the PF calcumation section you have mentioned 3 methods companies may use. In the illustation “How much would one save by investing in EPF” the calculation says employer will match 12% “(EPF contribution is 3.67%, EPS 8.67%)”, However the table “epf_returns.jpg” shows employee contribution of 28800 and company contribution of 8808 for the first year. Now if company is contributing 12% then it should be 22308(20000×12% x 12 – 28800 and considering EPS 541Monthly EPF should be 20000×12%-541 x 12 = 22308). If the company contributes only 8808 instead of 22308, they are just contributing total of 6.38%(3.67% for EPF plus 541monthly for EPS) and their %contribution for EPF+EPS goes down Year on Year.
    Please provide your thoughts.

    Note : I believe/hope as of now non of the establishments will work with the method of considering Rs6500 as the guideline amount for their EPF contributions (This is my experience but I may not be same for others). (However I do know a lot of companies trying to make the Basic of the CTC as low(stupidly low maybe) as possible to save on company contribution – This happens mostly in fully indian owned companies and not in MNCs)


    • admin says:

      Thanks JaiKumar. The calculations can be verified by using the EPF calculator
      Starting Basic Pay is Rs 20,000
      Your Yearly contribution = 20,000 * 12* 12 = 28,800
      Your company yearly contribution to EPF = 20000 * 3.67 * 12 = 8,808
      Total Ist year contribution is: 37,608
      Hope it helped!

      • JaiKumar says:


        I think the calculator needs to be updated to consider the company contribution as {[12%*(Basic+DA)]-541} * 12.
        For this Example it should be, {[12%*(20,000+0)]-541} * 12 = 1859 * 12 = 22,308.

        The calculator considers company contribution to EPF as 3.67% which is to be corrected as 12% – 541. The calculator assumes that the company works out the EPF with the idea of Maximum Basic+DA being 6500. I belive this might not be the case in practical scenarios. I mean if someone has a Basic Salary of 20000, they will be contributing Rs2400 PM from his/her salary and company should be contributing the same amount for EPF+EPS. So company contribution for EPF should be total company contribution -(minus) 541 PM.

        If still anyone has doubts please check your salary slip / salary structure papers, one of which should clearly show the company contribution especially where the salary is mentoined in CTC(Cost to Company) format.


        • admin says:

          Yes you are right JaiKumar, the calculator considers the Employer’s EPF contribution as 3.67%. Your suggestion is good, we need to have a calculator suggested by you. We shall work on it and update the Calculator once it is done.
          Thanks a lot.

  168. santhosh says:

    1. What is the maximum of VPF contributions

    2. PF deduction ( Ex. Gross salary is 20,000/ in this Basic + DA is 4,500/ (As per minimum wages act) is it ok or we have to in-cries the Basic + DA please help me.

    please revert back to me If any amendments or notification please send me it is very grateful to you.

    Thank you

    • admin says:

      Santosh, Maximum VPF contribution can be 88% of your basic salary(12% is compulsory)(We are doing a post on VPF with detail)

      I didn’t understand the second question. Could you expand on it?

  169. Withdrawal or Transfer of Employee Provident Fund « Be Money Aware Blog says:

    […] our earlier post Basics of Employee Provident Fund: EPF, EPS, EDLIS we had talked about What is Employee Provident Fund(EPF), How is it Calculated, What is Employee […]

  170. Sharat Trehan says:

    My name has been mis-spelt in the PF records, and this mis-spelling crops up in the PF slip. My concern is that I might have a problem at the time of withdrawing the balance in my PF account. I have already written twice to the Regional PF Commissioner in this regard but nothing has come out of it yet. What should be done in the given circumstances?

    • admin says:

      Sharat your concern is justified, you need to get it corrected. Twice you have written to Regional PF Commissioner. Do you have the written acknowledgement that you submitted the letter? Was the letter attested by your office?
      We shall try to find out. In the meanwhile we found these two links hope they would help.
      Mistakes in PF slips and RTI website
      name change in pf account.
      Quoting from RTI’s
      Better to get the name corrected as wrong name may create Income tax problem and also while getting refund of PF amount. U can write to concerned PF Commissioner where U have PF account, with proof of name through your present employer. If name is not corrected despite completing all the formalities you can file RTI appln to activate the PF Commissioner Office.
      Is possible please update us on how you are getting it changed?

    • admin says:

      Sharat you can file a EPF grievance redressal form online. The Epfi Grievance Management System

      If that doesn’t work you can maybe file RTI. For details checkout Jagoinvestor’s article on filing RTI. Though article is about RTI for Withdrawal or Transfer of EPF you would get to know basic steps for filing RTI.
      We would be obliged if you could share your steps taken, it would help other readers. Best of Luck.

  171. Paresh says:

    Article itself reflects great and hard work behind it.

    Just read the post 2-3 times and still require to read more times to grasp it completely.

    But just focusing on last sentence:”Does it make sense to contribute to EPF?” is it mean that you do not find sense contributing EPF?

    • admin says:

      Thanks Paresh for encouraging words. No we believe that one should contribute to EPF but many do not. Hence asked this question.

  172. sujatha sathya says:

    very helpful post.
    much needed

    • admin says:

      Thanks Sujatha. Yes we might get a job but we are not aware of such basic things.

      • B.DKUKRETI says:

        thank you very much for giving complete guide line through this post wherein you have explained all the matter for both the worker of exampted and un exampted establishment as well as various govt sectors which are comes under the definition of employee provident fund in india.I appreciate your guide line in simple language which will be benefitted to 5 crores or more subscribers under your hard work and guidance.I am regular subscriber of your blog since last year.I have sent some problems by mail to you but its reply is still swaited.

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